• Sit for a spell under a cottonwood tree and view the Franklin Mountains, seemingly nestled between the U.S. and Mexico flags in front of the visitor center. The two flags reflect our heritage; this land once belonging to Mexico and now to the U.S.

    Chamizal

    National Memorial Texas

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  • Phone System Problems

    We are currently experiencing problems with our automated phone system. For general information or to speak to someone in the visitor center, please dial 915-532-7273, extension 113, between 10 am and 5 pm. We apologize for any inconvenience.

  • Problemas Telefónicos

    Actualmente existen problemas con el sistema telefónico. Para información general o para comunicarse con el centro de visitantes, marque 915-532-7273, extensión 113 entre las horas de 10 am y 5 pm. Disculpe la molestia.

  • Construction Activity Near E Paisano Drive and S San Marcial Street

    If entering the park from E Paisano Drive and S Marcial Street please be extra cautious. Pay close attention to the temporary road signs during the ongoing construction activity there.

  • Construcción por las Calles San Marcial y Paisano

    Al dirigirse hacia el parque desde el lado de las calles Paisano y San Marcial, tenga mucho cuidado. Preste atención a la señales temporales de construcción mientras realizan esa obra.

  • Alcohol Ban for Visitor Safety

    From June 1 through August 31, the consumption or possession of alcoholic beverages without a permit is prohibited. During Music Under the Stars concerts, alcohol may be purchased within the memorial boundary. More »

  • Prohibición del Alcohol por Seguridad de los Visitantes

    Del 1 de junio hasta el 31 de agosto, se prohibe tener y consumir bebidas alcohólicas. Durante los conciertos de Música Alfresco, se permite tomar alcohol de las ventas autorizadas dentro del parque solamente.

Spain's Golden Age

The Spanish Golden Age (Siglo de Oro in Spanish) was a period of high artistic activity and achievement that lasted from about 1580 to 1680. During this time period, El Greco and Velázquez painted their masterpieces, and Cervantes wrote his famous, satirical novel Don Quixote. The theatre also enjoyed a golden age in acting and playwriting, producing plays to rival those of the Elizabethan and Jacobean dramatists who were writing at the same time.

Theatre historians used to claim that the plays from the Golden Age were too traditional and too concerned with a narrow code of honor to appeal to a wide audience, but recent scholarship has proven that the plays are as exciting, challenging, and relevant as the works of most English and French playwrights of the time period. In fact, the plots for many seventeenth-century English and French plays were taken from Spanish drama.

The most famous plays of the period are the philosophical drama "Life Is a Dream" by Calderón, the historical play "Fuente Ovejuna" by Lope de Vega, and "The Trickster of Seville" (about the legendary lover, Don Juan) by Tirso de Molina. There are also great comedies, religious dramas, farces, and tragedies by these and other playwrights. Comedies by female playwrights (Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Ana Caro, María de Zayas, and Angela de Azevedo) have recently been discovered and translated, as well.

The three major forms of Golden Age theatre are the comedia, the auto sacramental, and the entremés. Autos sacramentales are one-act religious allegories, and entremeses are one-act farces originally performed between the acts of full-length comedia. Comedias are three-act dramas written in verse, which mix comic and serious elements in complex plots that often emphasize intrigue, disguises, music, and swordplay.

Written by David Pasto, Oklahoma City University

Did You Know?

Boundary Markers

The land that Chamizal sits on belonged to Mexico until the 1960s. You can walk along the historic US-Mexico border when you visit the memorial. More...