Shenandoah Valley Civil War Time Line
Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C.
March 11 - Thomas J. Jackson evacuates Winchester.
March 12 - Nathaniel P. Banks occupies Winchester.
March 18 - Skirmish at Middletown.
March 23 - First Battle of Kernstown
April 30 - Richard S. Ewell's division crosses the Blue Ridge at Swift Run Gap into the Shenandoah Valley.
May 3 - Jackson's army departs the Valley via Brown's Gap.
May 4 - Jackson returns his army to the Valley by rail, from Mechum's River Station via Rockfish Gap to Staunton.
May 8 - Battle of McDowell
May 23 - Battle of Front Royal
May 25 - First Battle of Winchester
May 29-30 - Jackson demonstrates against Harper's Ferry.
May 31 - Jackson's army marches through Winchester.
June 6 - Skirmish near Harrisonburg, Brig. Gen. Turner Ashby killed in action.
June 8 - Battle of Cross Keys
June 9 - Battle of Port Republic
June 17 - Jackson leaves the Valley for Richmond, Virginia.
September 11 - Jackson with three divisions crosses the Potomac back into Virginia from Williamsport, Maryland. Brig. Gen. Julius White's Union garrison at Martinsburg retreats to Harper's Ferry.
September 12-15 - Siege of Harper's Ferry
September 19-20 - Battle of Sheperdstown
January 1 - President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation. General Robert Milroy occupies Winchester.
June 13-15 - Second Battle of Winchester
June 15 - Ewell's Second Corps crosses the Potomac River northward at Williamsport, MD and Shepherdstown, WV.
June 24 - Hill's Third Corps crosses the Potomac River at Boteler's Ford (Shepherdstown, WV).
June 25 -Longstreet's First Corps crosses the Potomac River at Williamsport, MD.
July 14 - Army of Northern Virginia enters Martinsburg, WV.
April 30 - Union army under Franz Sigel advances south from Martinsburg, WV.
May 1 - Sigel occupies Winchester.
May 11 - Sigel's army encamps at Cedar Creek just south of Middletown.
May 15 - Battle of New Market
May 16 - Sigel returns to Cedar Creek
May 19 - Sigel is relieved of command and posted to Harper's Ferry.
May 21 - David Hunter takes command of Union army at Cedar Creek.
May 26 - Hunter advances southward.
June 2 - Hunter's army reaches Harrisonburg, VA.
June 5-6 - Battle of Piedmont
June 6 - Hunter enters Staunton, VA.
June 11 - Hunter sacks Lexington, VA, including burning Virginia Military Institute.
June 13 - Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early's Second Corps is ordered to the Shenandoah Valley.
June 17 - Early's Second Corps begins arriving in Lynchburg, VA.
June 17-18 - Battle of Lynchburg
July 2 - Early's Army of the Valley reaches Winchester, VA.
July 9 - Battle of Monocacy
July 22 - Union troops reoccupy Winchester.
July 24 - Second Battle of Kernstown
July 30 - Confederate cavalry under John McCausland burns Chambersburg, PA.
July 14 - Early crosses the Potomac back into the Valley at White's Ferry, VA.
August 7 - Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan arrives in Harper's Ferry, WV, assuming command of the Middle Military Division and the Army of the Shenandoah.
August 15 - Early's army is reenforced by Kershaw's infantry and Fitzhugh Lee's calvary divisions.
September 16 - Gen. Ulysses S. Grant meets with Sheridan at his Charles Town, WV, headquarters. Kerhsaw's Division begins returning to Lee's army.
September 19 - Third Battle of Winchester/Battle of Opequon
September 22 - Battle of Fishers Hill
September 23 - Skirmish at Front Royal, Union cavalry execute six of Mosby's Rangers.
September 24- Kershaw's Division rejoins Early's army.
September 27 - The systematic destruction of the Valley begins under Sheridan's command. Known simply as "The Burning". Lee urges Early to defeat Sheridan in the Valley.
October 3 - Lt. John R. Meigs is killed by Confederate scouts near Dayton. Sheridan orders the burning of Dayton, VA and surrounding homes in retaliation.
October 4 - Sheridan rescinds the order to burn Dayton.
October 9 - Battle of Tom's Brook/Woodstock Races
October 10 - Sheridan's army encamps along Cedar Creek.
October 13 -
October 14 - The Sixth Corps returns to right of Union line along Cedar Creek.
October 15 -
October 16 -
October 17 -
October 18 -
October 19 - The Battle of Cedar Creek
Did You Know?
U.S. 11 and I-81 follow the paths of much earlier highways? The Great Wagon Road dates from colonial times and was used by people traveling from Philadelphia to settle the backcountry of Virginia and the Carolinas. Parts of the route in Virginia follow an even older path, the Warriors' Road.