Shenandoah Valley Civil War Time Line
Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C.
March 11 - Thomas J. Jackson evacuates Winchester.
March 12 - Nathaniel P. Banks occupies Winchester.
March 18 - Skirmish at Middletown.
March 23 - First Battle of Kernstown
April 30 - Richard S. Ewell's division crosses the Blue Ridge at Swift Run Gap into the Shenandoah Valley.
May 3 - Jackson's army departs the Valley via Brown's Gap.
May 4 - Jackson returns his army to the Valley by rail, from Mechum's River Station via Rockfish Gap to Staunton.
May 8 - Battle of McDowell
May 23 - Battle of Front Royal
May 25 - First Battle of Winchester
May 29-30 - Jackson demonstrates against Harper's Ferry.
May 31 - Jackson's army marches through Winchester.
June 6 - Skirmish near Harrisonburg, Brig. Gen. Turner Ashby killed in action.
June 8 - Battle of Cross Keys
June 9 - Battle of Port Republic
June 17 - Jackson leaves the Valley for Richmond, Virginia.
September 11 - Jackson with three divisions crosses the Potomac back into Virginia from Williamsport, Maryland. Brig. Gen. Julius White's Union garrison at Martinsburg retreats to Harper's Ferry.
September 12-15 - Siege of Harper's Ferry
September 19-20 - Battle of Sheperdstown
January 1 - President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation. General Robert Milroy occupies Winchester.
June 13-15 - Second Battle of Winchester
June 15 - Ewell's Second Corps crosses the Potomac River northward at Williamsport, MD and Shepherdstown, WV.
June 24 - Hill's Third Corps crosses the Potomac River at Boteler's Ford (Shepherdstown, WV).
June 25 -Longstreet's First Corps crosses the Potomac River at Williamsport, MD.
July 14 - Army of Northern Virginia enters Martinsburg, WV.
April 30 - Union army under Franz Sigel advances south from Martinsburg, WV.
May 1 - Sigel occupies Winchester.
May 11 - Sigel's army encamps at Cedar Creek just south of Middletown.
May 15 - Battle of New Market
May 16 - Sigel returns to Cedar Creek
May 19 - Sigel is relieved of command and posted to Harper's Ferry.
May 21 - David Hunter takes command of Union army at Cedar Creek.
May 26 - Hunter advances southward.
June 2 - Hunter's army reaches Harrisonburg, VA.
June 5-6 - Battle of Piedmont
June 6 - Hunter enters Staunton, VA.
June 11 - Hunter sacks Lexington, VA, including burning Virginia Military Institute.
June 13 - Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early's Second Corps is ordered to the Shenandoah Valley.
June 17 - Early's Second Corps begins arriving in Lynchburg, VA.
June 17-18 - Battle of Lynchburg
July 2 - Early's Army of the Valley reaches Winchester, VA.
July 9 - Battle of Monocacy
July 22 - Union troops reoccupy Winchester.
July 24 - Second Battle of Kernstown
July 30 - Confederate cavalry under John McCausland burns Chambersburg, PA.
July 14 - Early crosses the Potomac back into the Valley at White's Ferry, VA.
August 7 - Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan arrives in Harper's Ferry, WV, assuming command of the Middle Military Division and the Army of the Shenandoah.
August 15 - Early's army is reenforced by Kershaw's infantry and Fitzhugh Lee's calvary divisions.
September 16 - Gen. Ulysses S. Grant meets with Sheridan at his Charles Town, WV, headquarters. Kerhsaw's Division begins returning to Lee's army.
September 19 - Third Battle of Winchester/Battle of Opequon
September 22 - Battle of Fishers Hill
September 23 - Skirmish at Front Royal, Union cavalry execute six of Mosby's Rangers.
September 24- Kershaw's Division rejoins Early's army.
September 27 - The systematic destruction of the Valley begins under Sheridan's command. Known simply as "The Burning". Lee urges Early to defeat Sheridan in the Valley.
October 3 - Lt. John R. Meigs is killed by Confederate scouts near Dayton. Sheridan orders the burning of Dayton, VA and surrounding homes in retaliation.
October 4 - Sheridan rescinds the order to burn Dayton.
October 9 - Battle of Tom's Brook/Woodstock Races
October 10 - Sheridan's army encamps along Cedar Creek.
October 13 -
October 14 - The Sixth Corps returns to right of Union line along Cedar Creek.
October 15 -
October 16 -
October 17 -
October 18 -
October 19 - The Battle of Cedar Creek
Did You Know?
Did you know that the first publication of the hymn "Amazing Grace" in North America was at a small publishing house in Winchester, Virginia, that specialized in church music?