• Cedar Creek and Belle Grove NHP

    Cedar Creek & Belle Grove

    National Historical Park Virginia

1862 Valley Campaign Timeline

1862 Valley Campaign Timeline

November 4, 1861 - General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson takes command of the Valley District.

December 8-12, 1861 - Actions at Dam no. 5, C&O Canal

January 1, 1862 - Jackson begins winter campaign in Winchester, Virginia.

January 3-5, 1862 - Skirmishes at Bath and Hancock

January 10, 1862 - Confederates reach Romney (present day West Virginia)

January 23-30, 1862 - Jackson's Army return to Winchester

February 7, 1862 - Union forces reoccupy Romney

February 24-26, 1862 - Major General Nathaniel P. Banks Army cross the Potomac River into Virginia.

March 11,1862 - Thomas J. Jackson evacuates Winchester.

March 12, 1862 - Nathaniel P. Banks occupies Winchester.

March 18, 1862 - Skirmish at Middletown.

March 23, 1862 - First Battle of Kernstown
Forces Engaged: 12,300 total (US 8,500; CS 3,800)
Estimated Casualties: 1,308 total (US 590; CS 718)
Result: Union Victory

March 24, 1862 - Jackson's army retreats

April 1-2, 1862 - Federals follow south to Edinburg

April 12, 1862 - Banks assumes command of the Department of the Shenandoah.

April 17, 1862 - Federals reach Mount Jackson and New Market

April 19, 1862 - Jackson falls back east to Swift Run Gap

April 22, 1862 - Union troops occupy Harrisonburg

April 30, 1862 - Jackson sets out towards Staunton; Richard S. Ewell's division crosses the Blue Ridge at Swift Run Gap into the Shenandoah Valley.

May 3, 1862 - Jackson's army departs the Valley via Brown's Gap.

May 4, 1862 - Jackson returns his army to the Valley by rail, from Mechum's River Station via Rockfish Gap to Staunton.

May 8, 1862 - Battle of McDowell
Forces Engaged: 12,500 total (US 6,500; CS 3,000)
Result: Confederate Victory

May 12, 1862 - General James Shields Federals are recalled from the Valley - Banks withdraws to Strasburg.

May 20, 1862 - Jackson's and Ewell's men unite at New Market.

May 23, 1862 - Battle of Front Royal
Forces Engaged: 4,063 total (US 1,063; CS 3,000)
Estimated Casualties: 960 total (US 904; CS 56)
Result: Confederate Victory

May 24, 1862 - Running fight through Middletown as Banks retreats to Winchester.

May 25, 1862 - First Battle of Winchester
Forces Engaged: 22,500 total (US 6,500; CS 16,000)
Estimated Casualties: 2,419 total (US 2,019; CS 400)
Result: Confederate Victory

May 29-30, 1862 - Jackson demonstrates against Harper's Ferry.

May 31, 1862 - Jackson's army marches through Winchester.

May 30-June 5, 1862 - Jackson falls back to Harrisonburg

June 6, 1862 - Engagement of Harrisonburg; death of Colonel Turner Ashby

June 8, 1862 - Battle of Cross Keys
Forces Engaged: 17,300 total (US 11,500; CS 5,800)
Estimated Casualties: 951 total (US 664; CS 287)
Result: Confederate Victory

June 9, 1862 - Battle of Port Republic
Forces Engaged: 9,500 total (US 3,500; CS 6,000)
Estimated Casualties: 1,818 total (US 1,002; CS 816)
Result: Confederate Victory

June 17, 1862 - Jackson leaves the Valley for Richmond, Virginia.

 
 

Did You Know?

Close-up thumbnail image of a Parrott Gun

Two future U.S. presidents fought at the Battle of Cedar Creek: Col. Rutherford B. Hayes and Capt. William McKinley. Hayes was promoted to brigadier general for his services at the battle and was elected president in 1876. McKinley won his bid for the White House in 1896.