• Photo of the steep natural entrance of Carlsbad Caverns

    Carlsbad Caverns

    National Park New Mexico

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  • Cave Lighting Project

    We are undergoing a year-long lighting project in the cavern. Please be aware of caution tape along pathways inside the cave and use due care.

Mammals

A javelina, also known as collared peccary (Pecari tajacu), moves among the creosotebush (Larrea tridentata) in Carlsbad Caverns National Park.
A javelina, also known as Collared Peccary (Pecari tajacu), moves among the creosotebush (Larrea tridentata) in Carlsbad Caverns National Park.
NPS Photo by Kristin Dorman-Johnson
 

The park's 67 mammal species include some that are rarely seen, such as black bear and spotted skunk. Some of them are non-natives (Eastern Fox Squirrel and Barbary Sheep). Others are native animals that have been restored through reintroduction programs in the area, including javelina and pronghorn. Merriam's Elk became extinct around the turn of the last century and the closely related Rocky Mountain Elk was brought into the area to replace it. Desert Bighorn Sheep were extirpated from the park in the 1960s. Up to six other species may have been extirpated since European settlement.

Other native mammals in the park range from Mule Deer and Cougar (Mountain Lion) to the small mammals such as ringtails; several species of ground squirrels, Deer Mice, and Kangaroo Rats; the Desert Shrew; and the Chihuahuan Desert Pocket Mouse, which was not documented in the park until the 21st Century.

Of course, the most famous of the park's mammals are the bats, especially the large colony of Brazilian (or Mexican) Free-tailed Bats that wow visitors every evening from spring through fall with its spectacular outflight. In all, the park hosts 17 different species of bats that use a variety of different habitats.

Mammals Checklist [273k PDF]

Did You Know?

Lake Chandelier in Lechuguilla Cave in Carlsbad Caverns National Park.

Scientists are studying "extremophile" microbes in the highly protected and almost pristine Lechuguilla Cave that are leading scientists towards generating a possible cure for cancer.