• Catoctin Mountain

    Catoctin Mountain

    Park Maryland

Sawmill Industry

Reconstructed sawmill at Owens Creek Campground shows gears.
The reconstructed sawmill at Owens Creek Campground provides an up-close view of the gears.
NPS Photo
 
A close up look at the vertical saw blade.

A close-up look at the vertical saw blade.

NPS Photo

Water-powered sawmills were usually built by entrepreneurs who owned forested land and a little money to invest into a family run business. The lumber cut was used for the building of homes, towns, and barns. Some of the lumber was exported to other countries. The old sawmills with their slow production of about 48 planks for a 12 hour day at best, are long gone. The mill pits and banks of the races stand in mute testimony to the long hours and hard work that once marked these sites.
 
An accessible boardwalk and a bench provide for easy access.

An accessible boardwalk and a bench provide for easy access and viewing.

NPS Photo

The exact date of construction and first operation of the vertical sawmill near today's Owens Creek Campground is unknown, but it is shown on an 1857 map with the same area indicated as deeded back to 1808, mentioning rights to water ways. The same 1857 map also shows 4 additional sawmills on Owens Creek and one on Big Hunting Creek near the present day Visitor Center.

The sawmill near the present day Owens Creek Campground probably operated until after the late 1890's. A reconstruction of the mill was built by the Youth Conservation Corps on the site of the original sawmill. Construction of the campground eliminated the possibility of water power operations, but the gears and what would have been underwater works are all visible from an accessible boardwalk.

Did You Know?

Morel mushrooms with a human hand for size comparison.

Visitors in Catoctin Mountain Park may gather morel mushrooms for personal consumption. Morels are found in a variety of habitats but generally they seem to be found in wet soil that is high in organic matter and shaded by trees, especially hardwoods. Favorite locations are closely guarded secrets!