• Catoctin Mountain

    Catoctin Mountain

    Park Maryland


Yellow birch tree roots.
Just as a tree without roots is dead, a people without history or culture also becomes a dead people.  - Malcom X (1925-1965)
NPS Photo

People used the mountain's resources both today and in the past. Native American Indians used the stone, rhyolite, to make tools, European settlers used the trees for timber, charcoal making, and the land for farming. People continue to use the mountain today for rejuvenation and recreation. Explore the people of the mountain and then continue with the Stories to discover pieces of our heritage.

Native Americans

Early Settlers - (e.g. Germans, Swiss, etc.)

African Americans

Charcoal and Iron Industry

Sawmill Industry

Whiskey Still Industry

Catoctin Recreational Demonstration Area

Works Progress Administration

Civilian Conservation Corps

World War II

Office of Strategic Services

Job Corps

Did You Know?

Pileated Woodpecker on a tree in the Catoctin forest.

Pileated Woodpeckers are the 2nd largest woodpecker in North America. Male has a red ‘moustache’ and the female has a black 'moustache'. Lifespan in the wild can be 8-12 years. The pileated is the only member of the woodpecker family that drills an oval-shaped hole.