• Catoctin Mountain

    Catoctin Mountain

    Park Maryland

The Ancient Quarry: Indians on the Mountain

A quarry is a place where people obtain a type of stone. In this activity, you will learn what stone the Native Americans came to the Catoctin area for and what they made out of this stone.

Watch the video below to learn about the quarries at Catoctin and why they were so important to the people of this area. Once you've finished watching it, answer the questions below to complete this activity.



Question 1. What stone did Native Americans use to make tools from in this area?

A. Flint

B. Rhyolite (Metarhyolite)

C. Granite


Question 2. How long ago did Native Americans start coming to this area to get this stone for their tools?

A. 100 years ago

B. 1,000 years ago

C. 10,000 years ago


Question 3. How did Native Americans probably knock off pieces of stone from the outcrops?

A. Using a stone hammer

B. Using their hands

C. Using a drill


Did You Know?

Morel mushrooms with a human hand for size comparison.

Visitors in Catoctin Mountain Park may gather morel mushrooms for personal consumption. Morels are found in a variety of habitats but generally they seem to be found in wet soil that is high in organic matter and shaded by trees, especially hardwoods. Favorite locations are closely guarded secrets!