• Courtesy of Charles Ward

    Cane River Creole

    National Historical Park Louisiana

African American History

African Mastery
Click on the image to download a copy of the booklet: African Mastery of a Strange Land
Charles Ward Magnolia

Magnolia's slave tenant cabins

Charles Ward

The African American Community at Oakland

Community and Family Structure


Health and Community

Slave Hospital



Did You Know?


Like other landowners in the French colony of Louisiana, the Prud’hommes and Hertzogs harvested young pigeons for a delicacy called “squab.” Pigeonniers on the plantations reflected the owners' wealth and status.