Lesson Plan

Cape Lookout National Seashore: Preservation vs. Utilization

Sea Turtle Nest Closure and Beach Driving

Overall Rating

Add your review
Grade Level:
Eighth Grade
Government, Historic Preservation, Landscapes, Public Policy, Recreation / Leisure / Tourism, Wildlife Management
5 Ranger Visits of 45-50 minutes
Group Size:
Up to 24 (4-8 breakout groups)
National/State Standards:
8.G&C.1.3, 8.G&C1.4, 8.G&C.2.1, 8.C&G.2.2,  8.C&G.2.3, 8.G.1.1, 8.G.1.2, and 8.G.1.3


We will work together to introduce the terms Preservation Conservationist and Utilitarian Conservationist and reasoning behind each in preparation for a classroom debate of the two sides.  Opportunities will be presented to the students for questioning, answering, and researching over the next two visits.  The final visit will result in the debate.


The learner will be able to:

  • Describe the similarities and differences between the Preservation Conservationist and Utilitarian Conservationist philosophies and form an opinion about their own National Park stewardship philosophy 
  • Understand and describe the historical debate between these two philosophies at the beginning of the National Park movement 
  • Using Cape Lookout National Seashore and Cape Hatteras National Seashores as examples formulate a cohesive, knowledgeable position for or against one of these philosophies. 
  • Using examples from policy issues currently being debated within the Cape Lookout National Seashore communities acquire a knowledge base for their opinions 
  • Decide which, if any, philosophy has "won out" over the other or if we are still debating these in today's world and specifically at Cape Lookout National Seashore