• Chimney Rock was an important emigrant landmark in western Nebraska


    National Historic Trail CA,CO,ID,KS,MO,NE,NV,OR,UT,WY

Sutter's Fort

Image photo of Sutter's Fort State Historic Park in California.

Sutter's Fort State Historic Park in California.

California State Parks

Sutter's Fort - Sacramento, California

Sutter's Fort has been reconstructed at its original location. It commemorates John Sutter's creation of the "kingdom of New Helvetica" near the confluence of the American and Sacramento rivers.

Following the discovery of gold on the south fork of the American River in 1848, Sutter's empire collapsed in the chaos of the rush for wealth, but Sacramento grew up between the fort and the river. For many, Sutter's Fort represented the end of the California Trail. On June of 1846 Lt. Joseph W. Revere "came to some extensive fields of wheat . . . and saw the white-washed wall of the fort, situated on a small eminence commending the approaches on all sides. . . . The appearance of the fort, with its crenelated walls, fortified gateway and bastioned angles; the heavily bearded fierce looking hunters and trappers, armed with rifles, bowie-knives and pistols . . . and the dashing horsemen scouring in every direction . . . carry me back to the romantic east, and I could almost fancy . . . that I was . . . the guest of some powerful Arab chieftain in his desert stronghold."

The fort is of adobe-stucco construction and takes up the better portion of a large city block. Sacramento Area State Parks maintains the replica fort and provides exhibits and living history interpretive services.

Sutter's Fort State Historic Park
2701 L Street
Sacramento, CA 95816
Image map location for Sutter's Fort State Historic Park in California.
Image map location for Sutter's Fort State Historic Park in California.
NPS Image

Did You Know?

Visitors at Alcove Spring along the Blue River in Northeastern Kansas.

Emigrants often camped for days at Alcove Spring in Northeastern Kansas as they waited for Spring floods to subside. The location was very peacful and had good water and grass for livestock. The ill-fated Donner & Reed wagon train had their first casualty here in 1846 when Sarah Keys died. More...