Access at seashore locations
Sections of the boardwalk at the Red Maple Swamp Trail have been closed due to structural deterioration and safety concerns. Check at Salt Pond Visitor Center for the current status of this trail, and for your safety, remain out of closed areas.
Sophia E. Fox
Name: Sophia Fox
Official Title: Aquatic Ecologist
Phone: 508 487 3262 x 0504
Email: e-mail us
B.A. Biology, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT, 1998
As the Aquatic Ecologist at Cape Cod National Seashore, I develop and implement monitoring and research in the park's freshwater kettle pond and estuarine ecosystems. Much of this work focuses on water quality issues and using field collected data to understand changes that are occurring in response to human uses and climate change. My research interests include terrestrial-aquatic couplings and the effects of anthropogenic activities on receiving ecosystems, specifically studying the effects of global change on water quality and macrophyte community dynamics and stable isotopic studies of nutrient sources, biological processes, and food web interactions.
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Fox, S.E., M. Teichberg, L. Heffner, and I. Valiela. 2012. The relative role of nutrients, grazing, and predation as controls on macroalgal growth in a temperate estuary. Estuaries and Coasts (doi:10.1007/s12237-012-9519-6).
Valiela, I., L. Camilli, T. Stone, A. Giblin, J. Crusius, S. Fox, C. Barth-Jensen, R.O. Monteiro, J. Tucker, P. Martinetto, and C. Harris. 2012. Increased rainfall remarkably freshens estuarine and coastal waters on the Pacific coast of Panama: magnitude and likely effects on upwelling and nutrient supply. Global and Planetary Change 92-93: 130-137 (doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2012.05.006).
Olsen, Y.S., S.E. Fox, M. Teichberg, M. Otter, and I. Valiela. 2011. d15N and d13C reveal dietary shifts of consumers in response to changes in the relative abundance of macroalgae and eelgrass. Marine Ecology Progress Series 421:83-96 (doi: 10.3354/meps08900).
Olsen, Y.S., S.E. Fox, E.L. Kinney, M. Teichberg, and I. Valiela. 2010. Differences in urbanization and degree of marine influence is reflected in d13C and d15N of producers and consumers in seagrass habitats of Puerto Rico. Marine Environmental Research 69:198-206.
Fox, S.E., Y.S. Olsen, and A. Spivak. 2010. Effects of bottom-up and top-down controls and climate change on estuarine macrophyte communities and the ecosystem services they provide, pp. 129-145. In P.F. Kemp [ed.], Eco-DAS VIII Symposium Proceedings. American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. [doi:10.4319/ecodas.2010.978-0-9845591-1-4.129].
Teichberg, M., S.E. Fox, Y.S. Olsen, I. Valiela, and others. 2010. Eutrophication and macroalgal blooms in temperate and tropical coastal waters: nutrient enrichment experiments with Ulva spp. Global Change Biology 16:2624-2637 (doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02108.x.
Fox, S.E., M. Teichberg, Y.S. Olsen, L. Heffner, and I. Valiela. 2009. Restructuring of benthic communities in eutrophic estuaries: Lower abundance of prey leads to trophic shifts from omnivory to grazing. Marine Ecology Progress Series 380:43-57.
Fox, S.E., E. Stieve, I. Valiela, J. Hauxwell, and J. McClelland. 2008. Macrophyte abundance in Waquoit Bay: Effects of land-derived nitrogen loads on seasonal and multi-year biomass patterns. Estuaries and Coasts 31:532-541.
Valiela, I. and S.E. Fox. 2008. Managing coastal wetlands. Science 319:290-291. Teichberg, M., L. Heffner, S. Fox, and I. Valiela. 2007. Nitrate reductase and glutamine synthetase activity, internal N pools, and growth of Ulva lactuca: Responses to long- and short-term N supply. Marine Biology 151:1249-1259.
Valiela, I., D. Rutecki, and S. Fox. 2004. Salt marshes: biological controls of food webs in a diminishing environment. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 300:131-159.
Did You Know?
Because of coastal erosion of 3 feet a year, the sea has threatened historical landmarks over the years. A few examples of those moved back from the edge include the Old Harbor Life-Saving Station, the Three Sisters, Nauset, and Highland Lights, and the French Cable Hut.