• Atlantic Ocean beach at Cape Cod National Seashore

    Cape Cod

    National Seashore Massachusetts

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  • Access at seashore locations

    The stairs at Nauset Light Beach in Eastham are closed due to storm damage. Herring Cove North Lot in Provincetown sustained damage resulting in closure of multiple parking spaces. The Nauset Marsh Trail bridge was destroyed in a 2012 storm. More »

Plants-related journal articles and technical reports

Journal articles

Smith, S.M. 2008. Multi-decadal changes in salt marshes of Cape Cod, Massachusetts: a photographic analysis of vegetation loss, species shifts, and geomorphic change. Northeastern Naturalist (in press).

Forman, S.L., Z. Sagintayev, M. Sultan, S. Smith, R. Becker, M. Kendall, and L. Marìn. 2008. The 20th century migration of parabolic dunes and wetland formation at Cape Cod National Seashore, MA: Landscape response to a legacy of environmental disturbance. The Holocene, Vol.18, No 5, 765-774.

Smith, S.M., C.T. Roman, M-J. James-Pirri, K. Chapman, J. Portnoy, and E. Gwilliam 2009. Responses of plant communities to incremental hydrologic restoration of a tide-restricted salt marsh in southern New England (Massachusetts, U.S.A.). Restoration Ecology (in press)

Smith, S.M., M. Hanley, and K.T. Killingbeck. 2008. Development of vegetation in dune slack wetlands of Cape Cod National Seashore (Massachusetts, USA). Plant Ecology 194: 243-256.

Smith, S.M. 2007. Removal of salt-killed vegetation during tidal restoration of a New England salt marsh: effects on wrack movement and the establishment of native halophytes. Ecological Restoration 24:268-273.

Smith, S.M. and S. Warren. 2006. Determining ground surface topography in tidal marshes using water marks. Journal of Coastal Research 23: 265-274.

Smith, S.M. and K. Lee. 2006. Responses of periphyton to artificial nutrient enrichment in freshwater kettle ponds of Cape Cod National Seashore. Hydrobiologia 571:201-211.

Smith, S.M. 2004. Manual control of Phragmites on pondshores of Cape Cod National Seashore, Massachusetts, USA. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 43: 50-56.

Smith, S.M., R.R. Abed, F.Garcia-Pichel. 2004. Biological soil crusts of sand dunes in Cape Cod National Seashore, Massachusetts, USA. Microbial Ecology. Technical Reports

Smith, S.M., K. Fiedler, and H. Bayley. 2008. Assessment of Vegetation in Permanent Freshwater Ponds of the Province Lands, Cape Cod National Seashore, 2007. NPS Report. Cape Cod National Seashore, Wellfleet, MA.

Smith, S.M., 2007. Assessment of Vegetation in Forested Vernal Wetlands of Cape Cod National Seashore - 2006. NPS Report. Cape Cod National Seashore. Wellfleet, MA. Smith,

S.M. 2006. Dune grasslands vegetation monitoring, 2005. NPS report. Cape Cod National Seashore, Wellfleet, MA.

Smith, S.M. 2004. 2003 Salt Marsh Vegetation Monitoring Report - Cape Cod National Seashore. NPS Report. Cape Cod National Seashore. Wellfleet, MA. Illustrated Guide to Salt Marsh Plants and Animals

Did You Know?

directional compass

Coastal waters were the original highways of the Cape. Today’s common but puzzling terms “Lower Cape” and “Upper Cape” (referring to the northern and southern areas of Cape Cod) originated with sailors. Southwesterly winds meant ships heading north were sailing "down-wind" to the Lower Cape.