• Atlantic Ocean beach at Cape Cod National Seashore

    Cape Cod

    National Seashore Massachusetts

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  • Access at seashore locations

    Sections of the boardwalk at the Red Maple Swamp Trail have been closed due to structural deterioration and safety concerns. Check at Salt Pond Visitor Center for the current status of this trail, and for your safety, remain out of closed areas.

Further Readings

Bigger, H.P. (editor). The Works of Samuel de Champlain, Volume I (1599-1607). The Champlain Society, Toronto, 1922. Map is Plate LXXV, following page 358.

Bragdon, Kathleen J. Native People of Southern New England: 1500-1650. Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press, 1996.

Cronon, William. Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England. New York: Hill and Wang, 1983.

Ekholm, Erik and James Deetz. “The Wellfleet Tavern.” Natural History 80 (1971):49-56.

McManamon, Francis P. “Prehistoric Land Use on Outer Cape Cod.” Journal of Field Archaeology 9 (1982):1-20.

McManamon, Francis P. and James W. Bradley. “The Indian Neck Ossuary.” Scientific American 256(5) [1988]:98-104.

Yentsch, Anne E. "Farming, Fishing, Whaling, Trading: Land and Sea as Resource on Eighteenth-century Cape Cod." Documentary Archaeology in the New World, edited by Mary C. Beaudry, pp. 138-160. Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Did You Know?

Wellfleet kettle ponds

Although the kettle ponds within Cape Cod National Seashore are within 2.5 km of the ocean and have been subjected to thousands of years of salt spray, they remain low in dissolved salts. Ponds are flushed out by inflowing and outflowing groundwater, which prevents salts from accumulating.