• Canoeing on the Buffalo


    National River Arkansas

Inventory and Monitoring


Inventory and monitoring (I&M) builds a strong scientific foundation for the management to make informed decisions to protect natural resources in national park areas.

Science at Work

Buffalo National River is a member of the Heartland I&M Network, fifteen parks in the Midwest sharing resources and professional expertise to inventory and monitor natural resources. Park managers use scientifically collected data to monitor the vital signs-measurable, early warning signals of significant changes-to assess the long-term health of natural systems.

At Buffalo National River, trends in populations of birds, native plant communities, and exotic invasive plants may indicate changes in the overall health of the river corridor. Park scientists also assess the quality of stream habitat by inventorying the physical characteristics of tributaries as well as fish and aquatic invertebrate communities.

Did You Know?

Unknown children on porch of the William Villines house.

Did you know that Buffalo National River preserves many pioneer homesteads ranging from the 1840s to the 1930s? These structures document the struggles and lifeways of people that carved a living out of the lush forests of the Buffalo River region.