• Canoeing on the Buffalo

    Buffalo

    National River Arkansas

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  • Give Us A Hand

    Budget constraints and fewer staff have changed our operations. Be prepared for your visit. More »

  • Available Services

    All campgrounds are open except Erbie Campground in the Upper District. Trash receptacles have been removed from many areas throughout the park; please be prepared to carry out your own trash and recycling. View link for more information. More »

People

The cultural sequence of this region spans a wide range of time from the earliest occupation to the time of European settlement in the early nineteenth century. This sequence is divided into two areas: prehistoric and historic.
The prehistoric period is divided into smaller periods: Paleoindian, Dalton, Archaic, Woodland, Mississippian, and Protohistoric or Contact. The historic period is divided into Exploration and Early Documentation, Indian Settlement/Resettlement 1700s - 1828, Early Settlement-Bottomland Farming (1828-1870), and Late Settlement Patterns (1870-1940).

 

In addition to settlement history, learn about architecture, logging, mining, community development, transportation and agriculture of the Buffalo River area.

Did You Know?

Unknown children on porch of the William Villines house.

Did you know that Buffalo National River preserves many pioneer homesteads ranging from the 1840s to the 1930s? These structures document the struggles and lifeways of people that carved a living out of the lush forests of the Buffalo River region.