In addition to agriculture, Native Americans as well as the European settlers exploited the natural resources of the Buffalo River Area. Trees were logged to build along the river and to send to markets outside the region; rock was mined for any profitable minerals, and even the guano from bat caves provided resources to Civil War soldiers.
Did You Know?
Did you know that over 400 Rocky Mountain elk live in and around Buffalo National River? In the early 1980s elk were relocated to the Buffalo River region to replace an eastern elk subspecies that was extirpated in the 1800s.