Lesson Plan

Where Is the Love? Lesson Plan

Image of five hands grabbing the wrists of the person on their right, forming a circle.

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Grade Level:
Eighth Grade-Twelfth Grade
Subject:
African American History and Culture, Civil Rights Movement, Constitutional Amendments, Constitutional Law, Government, History, Law, Leadership, Social Studies
Duration:
30 minutes
Group Size:
Up to 24
Setting:
classroom
National/State Standards:
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL9-10.1
Keywords:
Segregation, Civil Rights, brown v. board of education

Overview

Students will discuss the continual struggle for civil rights in America after watching a YouTube video.

Objective(s)

Students will integrate and evaluate multiple sources of info about Brown v. Board of Education and the struggle for civil rights before and after the case through discussion, music, and video. Students will prepare and participate through conversations by expressing their own ideas clearly about discrimination and racism today. Students will use reasoning and evidence from these discussions to be inspired to do their part to educate and stop discrimination.

Background

Use the information provided in this text to help explain the significance of Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site to your students.

In 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court made a definitive assessment of the 14th Amendment's "equal protection" clause by examining the Plessy v. Ferguson case. The court determined that separate railroad cars for separate races were constitutional as long as the cars were "separate but equal." That decision gave states the ability to segregate all aspects of society. Restaurants, theatres, hotels, and schools are just of few examples of places that were segregated in American society. However, very few states upheld the philosophy of separate but equal, only maintain the separation of the races without equal accommodations. 

Schools became a battle ground to challenge the legal precedent of Plessy. Organizations, such as the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), fought to create separate but equal schools. Despite the NAACP's best efforts, many segregated schools in America were not equal. The schools were in substandard buildings, they had limited textbooks that were handed down from the white schools, and teachers were not compensated as well as their white counterparts.

Eventually, the NAACP changed its legal strategy. Instead of equalizing schools, the NAACP began to argue that separate school could never be equal. They started to look for communities that wanted to challenge school segregation in an attempt to overturn Plessy v. Ferguson. They found communities in South Carolina, Virginia, Washington, D.C, Delaware, and Kansas. The lawsuits from the five communities came together under the name Brown v. Board of Education

The Brown case originated in Topeka, Kansas when 13 plaintiffs attempted to enroll their children in schools closest to their home. In all 13 cases, the children were denied enrollment because of their race and they were told to enroll in one of the four segregated schools for African Americans. What makes the case from Kansas different from the cases in South Carolina, Virginia, Washington, D.C., and Delaware is the fact that segregated schools were considered equal in comparison to the white schools in Topeka. All the segregated schools were in nice brick buildings, they had good text books, and the teachers were paid almost exactly the same as the white teachers. Based on the context of the Topeka case, the U.S. Supreme court could examine the impact of "separate but equal." Using psychological evidence, the lawyers for the NAACP proved that segregation had a negative impact on school children's development because it made those students feel inferior. Therefore, they were able to prove that separate schools are inherently unequal. In 1954, the U.S. Supreme court unanimously agreed with the NAACP and overturned Plessy v. Ferguson. Separate but equal was no longer constitutional.  

The former Monroe school, which is home to the Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site, stands as a reminder that separate facilities are not equal. Even though the Monroe school was an excellent educational institution with quality facilities, good textbooks, and great teachers, the school could never be as equal because segregation laws made children who went to segregated schools feel inferior. As a result of Brown v. Board of Education, children of all races, ethnicities, and abilities get to go to school together. Additionally, Brown v. Board of Education established a legal precedent to challenge segregation in all aspects of society. Buses, lunch counters, and other segregated public accommodations were challenged through the efforts of the Civil Rights Movement and leaders, such as Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., forever changing the landscape of American society.

Materials

True/False Question-give the true/false questions to begin of the lesson. 

Selected Quote-use the selected quote from the "Where Is The Love" song in step 2 to facilitate a discussion on the continuing struggle for equality in America.  

Guided Questions-the guided questions will help the student analyze the images in the video and will be used to guide discussions on the continuing struggle for equality.

YouTube video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ilWKcI23gkI

Procedure

Assessment

Collect the Questions Guide from the students. Examine the answers the students provided on the answer sheet. There is no right or wrong answer; however, students must clearly explain their answers with evidence from the images shown in the video.

Vocabulary

Segregation, Integration, Civil Rights, Equality