Lesson Plan

Fair is Fair! Lesson Plan

Ranger Rachel and Allen the Eagle say "Fair is fair!"

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Grade Level:
Pre-Kindergarten-Second Grade
African American History and Culture, Civil Rights Movement, Constitutional Amendments, Constitutional Law, Government, History, Leadership, Music, Social Studies
1 hour
Group Size:
Up to 36
National/State Standards:


Abstract legal concepts of segregation and Brown v. Board of Education to lower level elementary students are hard to teach.  However, young elementary students understand the concept of fairness.  Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site created “Fair is Fair!” to teach Pre-Kindergarten to Second grade students about the U.S. Supreme Court case that ended segregation in public schools by using concrete examples of fairness.


Students will identify ways to treat others fairly.

Students will practice kindness by saying "please" and "thank you."

Students will apply concepts of fairness by sharing material to make Allen the Eagle puppet.


In 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court made a landmark decision in Brown v. Board of Education to end segregation in public schools. The decision over turned almost 60 years of legal precedent that allowed segregation to be practiced across the nation. Brown v. Board of Education established a new legal precedent that created more inclusive classrooms and opened the doorway to the Civil Rights Movement.


Fair is Fair video

Allen the Eagle puppet Use to make a copy for each student on card stock paper, if possible.


Step 1: Play Fair is Fair video (12 minutes)

Step 2: Discuss the video. Allow students to describe the main ideas of the story and identify why being fair is important. Some possible issues to address are:

  • What does it mean to be fair?
  • How can you show fairness? (Give examples of fairness.)
  • What happens when rules are unfair?
  • Have you been treated unfairly? How did you feel?
  • What does "segregation" mean? Why is it unfair?
  • Why does the National Park Service remember the Supreme Court case that ended segregation?
  • How does being polite and saying nice words to others help make things fairer?

Step 3: Hand out copies of the Allen the Eagle puppet to each student. Provide students with scissors and cut out the Allen the Eagle puppet, but only provide and handful of scissors to force the students to practice kindness and fairness by sharing and saying "please" and "thank you." Students will have to share other supplies, such as markers, colored pencils, crayons, and other craft decorations to create their own unique Allen the Eagle puppet. Students will demonstrate concepts of fairness by sharing material and saying "please" and "thank you."


After watching the Fair is Fair video, ask students to give an example of ways to treat others with fairness. Students should be able to identify one example, such as including everyone in playground activities. 

While students are making their Allen the Eagle puppet, observe that they are practicing fairness by saying "please" and "thank you." Also observe their behavior to insure they are applying concepts of fairness by sharing materials with others.

Park Connections

This lesson relates to Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site by explaining segregation using concrete examples of fairness. The video demonstrates how segregation is unfair and gives young students examples of fairness by encouraging them to work, play, and study with everyone to create an inclusive classroom society.


Have the students use their own Allen the Eagle puppet to create a story/puppet show that tells how to treat others fairly.


segregation, fairness