"From Brown to Brown: Topeka's Civil Rights Story" Bus Tours Now Available
This new bus tour maps out locations in the city linked to local and national struggles for freedom and equality. Bus tours will be available Saturday, May 25, 2013 and June 1, 2013. Click on More for complete details of the tour. More »
2013 Teacher Ranger Teacher Opportunity
During the summer of 2013, the national NPS office of history and civics is seeking a Teacher Ranger Teacher to develop lesson plans that incorporate information about the National Park Service that meet common core standards, located in Topeka, Kansas. More »
World War I and the Jazz Age (1914-1928)
Click on the words highlighted in brown for more information.
1914 Marcus Garvey founds the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) in Jamaica.
1915 South Carolina passes a law to segregate entrances and working facilities in factories.
1915 D.W. Griffiths' film, Birth of a Nation, celebrates the activities of the Ku Klux Klan and portrays African Americans in a demeaning way.
1915 Guinn v. United States. U.S. Supreme Court rules against Oklahoma's "grandfather clause" voting restriction on African Americans.
1916 The NAACP establishes an anti-lynching committee.
1917 The United States enters World War I. 365,000 African Americans are drafted - 200,000 serve in Europe.
1919 "Red Summer." Race violence occurrs across the country, as African American servicemen return from World War I.
1921 Race riot in Tulsa, Oklahoma results in over $1 million worth of property damage and the deaths of at least 30 people.
1922 Ozawa v. United States. U.S. Supreme Court rules that Japanese are ineligible for U.S. citizenship.
1923 Rosewood, Florida, a mainly African American community, is completely destroyed by a white mob which murders many residents.
1924 Congress grants citizenship to all American Indians.
1926 Corrigan v. Buckley. U.S. Supreme Court upholds the legality of racially restrictive covenants between homeowners.
Did You Know?
In 1896 the U.S. Supreme Court institutionalized the “separate but equal” policy with the Plessy v. Ferguson decision.--Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site More...