World War II (1941-1948)
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1941 December 7 - Japan attacks the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor. The United States enters World War ll. Around one million African Americans serve in the armed services by 1945.
1942 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) is founded. It aims to fight discrimination and racism through sit-ins and other nonviolent direct action.
1942 Manzanar, first of ten relocation centers, is established for the internment of Japanese Americans.
1946 Morgan v. Virginia. U.S. Supreme Court rules that segregated seating of interstate passengers is unconstitutional.
1946 President Harry S Truman appoints African Americans to the Presidential Committee for Civil Rights.
1947 CORE stages the first Freedom Ride, called the "Journey of Reconciliation."
1948 President Harry S Truman issues an executive order banning segregation in the armed forces.
Did You Know?
Dr. Kenneth Clark compiled the social science evidence cited in the U.S. Supreme Court’s Brown v. Board of Education case.--Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site More...