"From Brown to Brown: Topeka's Civil Rights Story" Bus Tours Now Available
This new bus tour maps out locations in the city linked to local and national struggles for freedom and equality. Bus tours will be available Saturday, May 18, 2013 at 10:30 am, 12:30 pm and 2:30 pm. Click on More for complete details of the tour. More »
2013 Teacher Ranger Teacher Opportunity
During the summer of 2013, the national NPS office of history and civics is seeking a Teacher Ranger Teacher to develop lesson plans that incorporate information about the National Park Service that meet common core standards, located in Topeka, Kansas. More »
Great Depression (1929-1939)
Click on the words highlighted in brown for more information.
1929 Charles Hamilton Houston becomes Dean of Howard University Law School.
1931 Margold Report is issued. The report is the basis for NAACP's initial legal strategy against segregation, with focus on fighting segregation in schools.
1933 President Franklin Delano Roosevelt launches a campaign to introduce massive government social welfare reforms, known as the New Deal, to aid Americans suffering from economic deprivation.
1933 Hocutt v. North Carolina. NAACP challenge fails to desegregate higher education in North Carolina.
1935 Hollins v. Oklahoma. U.S. Supreme Court overturns the death penalty of an African American convicted of rape on grounds that no African American had served on juries in the county within living memory.
1935 President Roosevelt refuses to back an anti-lynching bill for fear of losing the votes of Southern Democrats. He also fears the controlling influence in Congress of senators from the South.
1938 Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada. U.S. Supreme Court ruling requires the University of Missouri Law School to integrate.
1939 NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund is established. It aims to use the courts to fight discrimination and segregation.
1939 In Alston v. School Board of the City of Norfolk, a federal court declares that African American teachers cannot be denied equal pay.
Did You Know?
The U.S. Supreme Court combined five cases from Delaware, Virginia, South Carolina, Washington, D.C. and Kansas under the heading of Brown v. Board of Education.--Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site More...