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Americans by Choice: The Story of Immigration & Citizenship in Kansas
Most Kansans can trace their heritage to another part of the world. Some came in search of a better life for themselves or their children—many came to join families or friends. Americans by Choice is a new exhibit on display until Feb. 28, 2014. More »
First petitioned in 1951, these local cases challenged the inferior conditions of two black schools designated for African American children. In the suburb of Claymont, African American children were prohibited from attending the area's local high school. Instead, they had to ride a school bus for nearly an hour to attend Howard High School in Wilmington. Located in an industrial area, Howard High School also suffered from a deficient curriculum, pupil-teacher ratio, teacher training, extra curricular activities program, and physical plant. In the rural community of Hockessin, African American students were forced to attend a dilapidated one-room school house and were not provided transportation to the school, while white children in the area were provided transportation and a better school facility. In both cases, Louis Redding, a local NAACP attorney, represented the plaintiffs, African American parents. Although the State Supreme Court ruled in favor of the plaintiffs, the decision did not apply to all schools in Delaware. These class action cases were named for Ethel Belton and Shirley Bulah.
Information courtesy of the Brown Foundation for Educational Equity, Excellence and Research.
National Historic Landmarks collection
National Historic Landmark designation
On April 5, 2005, Howard High School was designated a National Historic Landmark for its significance to the Brown v. Board of Education U.S. Supreme Court case. Delaware Senator Joseph Biden stated,
For more information about Howard High School, please visit the following links:
Did You Know?
The U.S. Supreme Court combined five cases from Delaware, Virginia, South Carolina, Washington, D.C. and Kansas under the heading of Brown v. Board of Education.--Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site More...