"From Brown to Brown: Topeka's Civil Rights Story" Bus Tours Now Available
This new bus tour maps out locations in the city linked to local and national struggles for freedom and equality. Bus tours will be available Saturday, May 25, 2013 and June 1, 2013. Click on More for complete details of the tour. More »
2013 Teacher Ranger Teacher Opportunity
During the summer of 2013, the national NPS office of history and civics is seeking a Teacher Ranger Teacher to develop lesson plans that incorporate information about the National Park Service that meet common core standards, located in Topeka, Kansas. More »
Brown v. Board of Education (1949-1955)
Click on the words highlighted in brown for more information.
1949-1951 NAACP and local activists initiate school desegregation cases in the states of Delaware, Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia and the District of Columbia.
1950 McLaurin v. Oklahoma Board of Regents. U.S. Supreme Court ruling requires the University of Oklahoma to end the practice of providing segregated facilities for those African American students the university admits.
1950 Henderson v. United States. U.S. Supreme Court rules that if separate and equal facilities on interstate transportation do not exist, then African Americans can not be kept from using the same facilities as whites.
1950 Korean War begins. Integrated United States armed forces serve in combat for the first time.
1950 Sweatt v. Painter. U.S. Supreme Court ruling requires the University of Texas Law School to integrate on grounds that the state has failed to provide separate facilities that are equal.
1952 The five school desegregation cases are brought together before the U.S. Supreme Court as Brown v. Board of Education. The court fails to reach a decision and the case is resubmitted.
1953 The new Chief Justice, Earl Warren, is appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court. He is determined to reach a unanimous decision on Brown.
1954 May 17 - U.S. Supreme Court issues its first Brown v. Board of Education ruling (Brown I), declaring segregation in public schools unconstitutional.
1954 July - First White Citizens Council meeting held in Mississippi.
1955 U.S. Supreme Court issues the second Brown v. Board of Education ruling (Brown II). Desegregation is to proceed "with all deliberate speed."
Did You Know?
The Brown case was initiated and organized by the NAACP under the leadership of Thurgood Marshall.--Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site More...