Geophysical Survey and Island Archaeology
Northeast Region Archaeology Program
National Park Service
Delivered at 2003 Boston Harbor Islands Science Symposium.
This presentation explores the historical and research connections between islands in two National Park Service units – the Boston Harbor Islands NRA and St. Croix Island in Calais, Maine. Nearly 400 years ago, the French explorer Samuel Champlain accompanied an expedition led by Pierre Dugua with the intention to establish a permanent settlement in New France. St. Croix Island was initially settled for this purpose, and Champlain then embarked to map the coast to the south and west and to identify other possible settlement sites. He not only visited and mapped the Boston Harbor Islands, but he named the Charles River after the expedition leader. He rejected Boston and other locations and their lead settlement was eventually moved to Nova Scotia and later to Quebec.
Did You Know?
On September 1, 1905, Elliot Hadley lit the most powerful light in Massachusetts at the top of Graves Lighthouse, now in Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area. The first-order Fresnel lens aided in navigation and allowed for safe passage into Boston Harbor. More...