• Dedication of the Shaw Memorial 1897

    Boston African American

    National Historic Site Massachusetts

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Freedom is a Constant Struggle

Centered on the north slope of Beacon Hill, the free African American community of 19th century Boston led the city and the nation in the fight against slavery and injustice. These remarkable men and women, together with their white allies, were leaders in Abolition Movement, the Underground Railroad, the Civil War, and the early struggle for equal rights and education.

Did You Know?

Sgt. William Carney of the Massachusetts 54th Regiment and the Boston African American NHS logo

The first African American recipient of the Medal of Honor was William Carney in 1900. Carney was a member of the famous Massachusetts 54th Regiment, and was honored with the medal for his valor at the Battle of Fort Wagner in 1863.