Madeline Hunter Lesson Plan Format
National Park Service Mission
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park and Curecanti National Recreation Area Outreach Education is committed to: Creating an awareness and fostering an appreciation for the mission of the National Park Service and the natural, cultural, and historic resources of Curecanti National Recreation Area and Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park.
EDUCATION LESSON PLAN
The following K-12 outreach education units have been revised and formalized using Madeline Hunter's "Instructional Theory into Practice" lesson plan format (Hunter, 1981). The rationale for this project was to develop comprehensive units that can be easily presented by education specialists of the National Park Service, professional educators, and environmental education specialists.
While this format offers a script for each unit, the script is not intended to be used verbatim. The script should be used as a guide in conjunction with an individual presentation style.
All units are preceded by an introduction from a National Park Service Education Specialist, addressing the mission of the National Park Service. Each unit culminates in an invitation to visit Curecanti National Recreation Area and Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park.
The following lesson plan is a guide to the Madeline Hunter lesson plan format. In adopting the Madeline Hunter lesson format for outreach education, the "NPS focus," "Environmental concepts," "Environmental learning hierarchy," "References Cited," and "Related WWW Sites" were necessary additions.
Subject areas: The majority of units address science, mathematics, geography, and social science. Many units offer interdisciplinary opportunities.
Teacher: In most cases this is a National Park Service Education Specialist.
Colorado Content Standards:
NPS focus: Public Law 39-535 (Organic Act).
Environmental concepts: The environmental concepts used in the units are based on six ecological principles that teach awareness of ecosystems through the conceptual approach (Ford, 1981). Units may contain one or more of the following ecological principles:
1. The sun is the source of all energy (energy flow).
Environmental learning hierarchy: The environmental learning hierarchy is based on the following teaching progression: Art forms, analogies, sensory awareness, ecological principles, problem-solving, decision-making, and ekistics, a philosophy for survival. The first three levels of the progression are for developing familiarity, stimulating interest, and building initial confidence in knowledge and skills related to an outdoor setting. The next four levels move from an acquisition of basic facts to utilization of the facts through problem-solving and decision making, to a way of life based on an ecological, holistic view of the world (Ford, 1981).
Materials: Unless otherwise noted, the list of materials is based on a class size of 25 students.
I. INSTRUCTIONAL OUTCOMES
II. ANTICIPATORY SET
III. TEACHING PROCEDURE/METHODOLOGY
IV. CHECK FOR STUDENT UNDERSTANDING
V. GUIDED PRACTICE
VI. INDEPENDENT PRACTICE
IX. REFERENCES CITED
Ford, P. (1981). Principles and Practices of Outdoor/Environmental Education. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Hunter, M. (1982). Mastery Teaching. El Segundo, CA: TIP Publications.
X. RELATED INTERNET SITES
Did You Know?
The Black Canyon contains some of the oldest exposed rock on Earth. Precambrian, or “basement” rock, is nearly 2 billion years old.