• Purple, yellow, gold and orange sponges and soft corals wave against a turquioise sea.

    Biscayne

    National Park Florida

Trees, Shrubs and Grasses

a close-up of peeling bark of the Gumbo Limbo tree

The Gumbo Limbo tree (Bursera simaruba) is also known as "the tourist tree".  Can you guess why?

NPS

The following trees, shrubs, and grasses have been documented in the park. They have been sorted alphabetically by common name. The list is not exhaustive, and documented sightings of species not on this list are welcome. Submit your sightings to the webmaster.

Aloe yucca, Yucca aloifolia

Annual seepweed, Suaeda linearis

Arrasa con todo, Gomphrena serrata

Asian snakewood, Colubrina asiatica

Australian pine, Casuarina equisetifolia

Bahama strongbark, Bourreria ovata

Bahama wild coffee, Psychotria ligustrifolia

Baldwin's flatsedge, Cyperus croceus

Balloonvine, Cardiospermum halicacabum

Balsam Apple/Pond Apple, Clusia rosea

Bay Cedar, Suriana maritima

Black mangrove, Avicennia germinans

Blue crowngrass, Paspalum caespitosum

Bottle brush, Callistemon viminalis

Bouquet flase buttonweed, Spermacoce densiflora

Boxleaf stopper, Eugenia foetida

Brazilian pepper, Schinus terebinthifolius

Bushy bluestem, Andropogon glomeratus var. pumilus

Buttonsage, Lantana involucrata

Buttonwood mangrove, Conocarpus erectus

Cabbage palm, Sabal palmetto

Canary Island date palm, Phoenix canariensis

Carolina leaf-flower, Phyllanthus caroliniensis

Carolina primrose-willow, Ludwigia bonariensis

Carolina wolfberry, Lycium carolinianum

Carry me seed, Phyllanthus amarus

Castorbean, Ricinus communis

Catclaw, Acacia greggii

Chamber bitter, Phyllanthus urinaria

Chiendent pied-de-poule, Cynodon dactylon

Coastal beach sandmat, Chamaesyce mesembrianthemifolia

Coastal bedstraw, Galium hispidulum

Coastal waterhyssop, Bacopa monnieri

Cocograss, Cyperus rotundus

Coconut Palm, Cocos nucifera

Cocoplum, Chrysobalanus icaco

Common ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia

Common wireweed, Sida acuta

Coontie, Zamia pumila

Coral dropseed, Sporobolus domingensis

Curaciao bush, Cordia globosa

Cure for all, Pluchea carolinensis

Darling plum, Reynosia septentrionalis

Date Palm, Phoenix dactylifera

Devil's potato, Echites umbellata

Devil's pumpkin, Passiflora suberosa

Doctorbush, Plumbago scandens

Dogfennel, Eupatorium capillifolium

Dollarweed, Hydrocotyle umbellata

Dragontree, Dracaena marginata

Eastern baccharis, Baccharis halimifolia

Egyptian grass, Dactyloctenium aegyptium

Everglades greenbrier, Smilax havanensis

Everglades palm, Acoelorraphe wrightii

False mastic, Mastichodendron foetidissimum

False sisal, Agave decipiens

False tamarind, Lysiloma latisiliquum

Faux persil, Cardiospermum corindum

Florida fishpoison tree, Piscidia piscipula

Florida Keys blackbead, Pithecellobium keyense

Florida pellitory, Parietaria floridana

Florida strangler fig, Ficus aurea

Florida tasselflower, Emilia fosbergii

Florida Thatch Palm, Thrinax radiata

Fourspike heliotrope, Heliotropium procumbens

Garden tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum

Geiger Tree, Cordia sebestena

Glasswort, Salicornia perennis

Gophertail lovegrass, Eragrostis ciliaris

Graceful sandmat, Chamaesyce hypericifolia

Grass ponyfoot, Dichondra carolinensis

Grassleaf rush, Juncus marginatus

Green tansymustard, Descurainia pinnata

Guiana plum, Drypetes lateriflora

Guianese colicwood, Myrsine floridana

Gumbo limbo, Bursera simaruba

Hairawn muhly, Muhlenbergia capillaris

Holywood, Guajacum sanctum

Horse purslane, Trianthema portulacastrum

Iguanatail, Sansevieria hyacinthoides

Inkwood, Exothea paniculata

Jamaican caper, Capparis cynophallophora

Jamaican feverplant, Tribulus cistoides

Jamaican nettletree, Trema micranthum

Joewood, Jacquinia keyensis

Key Lime, Citrus aurantifolia

Key thatch palm, Thrinax morrisii

Leadwood, Krugiodendron ferreum

Lemon, Citrus limon

Light-blue snakeweed, Stachytarpheta jamaicensis

Limber caper, Capparis flexuosa

Lime prickley ash, Zanthoxylum fagara

Limestone sandmat, Chamaesyce blodgettii

Longleaf blolly, Guapira discolor

Marlberry, Ardisia escallonoides

Marsh bristlegrass, Setaria parviflora

Marsh parsley, Cyclospermum leptophyllum

Marsh spikegrass, Distichlis spicata

Milkbark, Drypetes diversifolia

Monk Orchid, Oeceoclades maculata

Nettle, Parietaria pensylvanica

Oysterwood, Gymnanthes lucida

Paintedleaf, Poinsettia cyathophora

Papaya, Carica papaya

Paradise Tree, Simarouba glauca

Pigeon plum, Coccoloba diversifolia

Pillpod sandmat, Chamaesyce hirta

Pinewoods fingergrass, Eustachys petraea

Poisonwood, Metopium toxiferum

Poorman's pepper, Lepidium virginicum

Privet cassia, Senna ligustrina

Pullback, Pisonia aculeata

Purple nightshade, Solanum americanum

Quail plant, Heliotropium curassavicum

Red mangrove, Rhizophora mangle

Redberry stopper, Eugenia confusa

Redgal, Morinda royoc

Rougeplant, Rivina humilis

Saffron plum, Sideroxylon celastrinum

Saltwort, Batis maritima

Sandbur, Cenchrus incertus

Sanddune cinchweed, Pectis glaucescens

Sargent's Cherry Palm, Pseudophoenix sargentii

Satinleaf, Chrysophyllum oliviforme

Scarletbush, Hamelia patens

Scorpion's tail, Heliotropium angiospermum

Sea rosemary, Argusia gnaphalodes

Seagrape, Coccoloba uvifera

Seapurslane, Sesuvium portulacastrum

Seashore dropseed, Sporobolus virginicus

Seminole balsamo, Psychotria nervosa

Senegal date palm, Phoenix reclinata

Sevenyear apple, Casasia clusiifolia

Seven-year-apple, Genipa clusiifolia

Shoebutton, Ardisia elliptica

Silver crabgrass, Eleusine indica

Silver Palm, Coccothrinax argentata

Smooth devil's-claws, Pisonia rotundata

Soapberry, Sapindus saponaria

Sour Orange, Citrus aurantium

Southern crab grass, Digitaria ciliaris

Southern pencilflower, Stylosanthes hamata

Spadeleaf, Centella asiatica

Spreading cinchweed, Pectis prostrata

St. Augustine grass, Stenotaphrum secundatum

Surinam cherry, Eugenia uniflora

Tangerine, Citrus reticulata

Thin paspalum, Paspalum setaceum

Tickclover, Desmodium incanum

Tiplant, Cordyline fruticosa

Torchwood, Amyris elemifera

Tropical fimbry, Fimbristylis cymosa

Tropical flatsedge, Cyperus surinamensis

Uhaloa, Waltheria indica

West Indian dropseed, Sporobolus indicus var. pyramidalis

West Indian Mahogany, Swietenia mahogani

West Indian milkberry, Chiococca alba

White bully, Sideroxylon salicifolium

White mangrove, Laguncularia racemosa

White spicewood, Calyptranthes pallens

White stopper, Eugenia axillaris

Whiteflower passionflower, Passiflora multiflora

Whiteroot, Gouania lupuloides

Whorled dropseed, Sporobolus pyramidatus

Wild Banyantree, Ficus citrifolia

Wild cinnamon, Canella winteriana

Wild lime, Adelia ricinella

Yellow joyweed, Alternanthera flavescens

Yellow nicker, Caesalpinia bonduc

Did You Know?

Wreck of the <i>Mandalay</i>

Biscayne National Park's Maritime Heritage Trail is the only underwater archaeological trail in the National Park System. The "Shipwreck Trail" includes six wrecks spanning a century of maritime history. More...