Insects, Spiders, Centipedes, Millipedes
In the Nez Perce language, Pflap pflap means butterfly. Fields, meadows and hillsides of native flowers are common in this area, making it attractive to several species of butterflies that dine on flower nectar.
Other important insects at the Big Hole Battlefield include those found in and around water. These types of insect communities have strong effects on freshwater environments and are very important to fishes. By measuring the amount and types of aquatic insects (macroinvertebrates), park scientists also measure the health of streams and rivers. Mayflies (Ephemeroptera), caddisflies (Trichoptera), and stoneflies (Plecoptera) are some examples of organisms that inhabit park site waters. Understanding the current status of freshwater ecosystems will help guide management and restoration efforts, and provide insight into ecosystem change in a landscape with changing climate and dynamic human influences.
Did You Know?
Lt John Sturgis, son of the commanding officer of the 7th Cavalry, was killed at Little Big Horn in 1876. Some think that the extreme caution shown by Colonel Samuel Sturgis at the Canyon Creek Battle, only committing half of his forces, was a result of his son’s death the preceding year.