These two residents of Bighorn Canyon are so closely connected that if either were to disappear, so would the other. The seeds of the yucca can only be pollinated by the yucca moth, and the larvae of the yucca moth can only develop within the seed pod of the yucca plant.
Coevolution in Action
Bell-shaped, waxy blossoms open at dusk to welcome the moth (Tegeticula yuccasella) which has such a remarkable partnership with the yucca. The female moth gathers pollen and forms it into a little ball. Carrying the pollen ball to another yucca, she stuffs it into the cup-shaped stigma of a flower. Then she lays her eggs at the base of the flower. As the seeds develop, they provide nourishment for the moth larvae.
Eventually eating their way out of the woody seed pod, the larvae descend to the ground on a silken thread. Wintering underground, they emerge as moths in the spring to begin the cycle again.
Greed Is Not Encouraged
Such greed is rare. Generally, the moth lays one to three eggs in each of several flowers, rather than laying them all in one flower. As the developing seed pod has six chambers of seeds, this means there is both food for developing larvae and seeds for future yucca.
A General Store With Roots
Alma Snell, a Crow tribal member, has long studied the native plants of Crow Country and has compiled a book on the subject, Taste of Heritage. She remembers that when she was a child, all of the yucca was used. Today, the Crow people still make good use of the plant. A tea made from the roots is used as a shampoo which is notable for its ability to cure scalp problems.
Did You Know?
Fort C.F. Smith, was the most isolated of the posts which guarded the Bozeman Trail. Active from August 1866 to July 1868, it was under constant threat from the Sioux and Northern Cheyenne tribes during Red Cloud’s War. The U.S. government was forced to abandon the fort and trail. Some historians have called this conflict, “the first war the United States ever lost.” More...