Trees and Shrubs
One of the most fascinating aspects of Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area are the diverse species of trees and shrubs found in a relatively small area. There are three major groups of plants in the park:
Each of these groups contains trees and shrubs that thrive in extreme conditions.
The Rocky Mountain plant group dominates the central and northern areas in the park. Shrubland in this climatic zone gives way to limber and ponderosa pines. On Black Canyon's north facing (shadowed) slopes Douglas Fir can be found.
At the north end of the recreation area, Great Plains species are abundant. They require greater moisture then species to the south. Most prominently, thick, hardy, cottonwoods line the banks of the Bighorn River.
(Sources include: Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area by Paul Gordon)
Did You Know?
There are over 350 Abandoned Mineral land sites recorded in Bighorn Canyon, and even more are being discovered. These sites are the result of a mining boom, caused by the search for uranium in the production of nuclear weapons during the Cold War. Even with research the names of the companies responsible for the test sites have not been found. More...