Extreme Water Shortage
Extreme water shortage throughout park. Visitors are limited to 5 gallons per day, and are encouraged to conserve further when possible. Please consider bringing your own water to the park.
Backcountry Water Sources
NPS Photo/Eric Leonard
Big Bend is a desert park; water is precious, ephemeral, and unpredictable.Dry desert air quickly uses up the body's water reserves. Carry a minimum of one gallon of water per person per day. Use available water sources in the backcountry only to augment the water supply you carry (filter all water taken from the backcountry). Cache water for long excursions such as the hiking the Outer Mountain Loop. Never stake your life on intermittent water sources.
Springs and tinajas (depressions in rock where water collects) are unreliable and may be unsafe to drink. Springs are rare in the desert and wildlife depend on them. Please carry enough water to supply your own needs.
The quality of water in the Rio Grande through the Big Bend region is highly variable. We reccomend drinking river water only as a last resort.
Did You Know?
The population of the Big Bend prior to the establishment of the National Park in 1944 was approximately 155 people, evenly divided between hispanics and anglos. Most of the hispanic families lived along the river and practiced subsistence farming; the anglo families were mostly ranchers. More...