• Long House in autumn

    Bandelier

    National Monument New Mexico

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    Through October 27, 2014 all access to the most visited part of the park, Frijoles Canyon, will be via a mandatory shuttle bus from the nearby community of White Rock from 9 AM - 3 PM daily. Private cars may drive in before 9 AM or after 3 PM. More »

Trade

tsankawi trail

Travel and trade was done along foot trails which crisscross the Pajarito Plateau.

photo by sally king

To many visitors today, this area seems remote and isolated, but it was not that way for the local Ancestral Pueblo people. They participated in far-flung trade networks which included distant groups as well as nearby Pueblos. Travel and trade between Ancestral Pueblo villages involved the exchange not only of objects but also of ideas, knowledge, and traditional activities.
 
macaw feathers

Items such as macaw feathers were traded in from distant places.

photo by sally king

Goods and Ideas
Although the local area provided most of the people’s needs, there were some things that could only be obtained by trade. Locally produced items including pottery, obsidian, woven goods, corn, and piñon nuts were traded for turquoise, salt, seashells, and colorful macaw feathers from places as far away as Mexico and the coast of California. In the process there was probably a lively exchange of knowledge, customs, and ideas as well.
 
obsidian points

Seashells and brightly colored macaw feathers were traded into the area while high-quality obsidian and obsidian tools were traded out.

photo by sally king

Obsidian
Eruptions in the nearby Jemez Mountains produced high-quality obsidian, used for making very sharp tools and projectile points. This volcanic glass, both worked and raw, provided an important trade item for local people. Because each source of obsidian has a unique chemical composition, archeologists can determine that Jemez obsidian was traded over a very wide area.
 
Ancestral Pueblo pot

Pottery was one of many items traded out of the area.

Bandelier Museum Collection

Pottery
Pueblo potters in different areas developed unique styles, using distinctive materials and designs that evolved over time. Knowing these characteristics, archeologists can determine when and where pieces of pottery were made. They have found that, for centuries, pottery was commonly traded between neighboring communities as well as over long distances. Complete pots are seldom found here, but information can also be obtained from broken pottery pieces, called potsherds. These can be used to answer basic questions including what the pot was used for and when and where it was made. However, a potsherd can only tell its full story if left in its original location, connected to the rest of its story. If potsherds are taken away or moved from their original locations, critical information is lost.
 
trade map
Map showing items traded during Ancestral Pueblo times.
NPS Collection

Did You Know?

Queen butterfly

Queen butterflies are often mistaken for Monarchs because they look so much alike. This is beneficial to the Queen, who is avoided by predators who fear this look-alike may be as toxic as the Monarch.