• Badlands formations against the blue sky; photo by Rikk Flohr

    Badlands

    National Park South Dakota

Bird List

Badlands Bird List

Common Name

Scientific Name

Park Status

Abundance

Residency

Cooper's Hawk

Accipiter cooperii

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Northern Goshawk

Accipiter gentilis

Present in Park

Rare

Migratory

Sharp-shinned Hawk

Accipiter striatus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Golden Eagle

Aquila chrysaetos

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Red-tailed Hawk

Buteo jamaicensis

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Rough-legged Hawk

Buteo lagopus

Present in Park

Common

Resident

Broad-winged Hawk

Buteo platypterus

Present in Park

Rare

Migratory

Ferruginous Hawk

Buteo regalis

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Swainson's Hawk

Buteo swainsoni

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Northern Harrier

Circus cyaneus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Bald Eagle

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Present in Park

Common

Resident

Osprey

Pandion haliaetus

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Horned Lark

Eremophila alpestris

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Belted Kingfisher

Ceryle alcyon

Present in Park

Rare

Resident

Wood Duck

Aix sponsa

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Northern Pintail

Anas acuta

Present in Park

Uncommon

Breeder

American Wigeon

Anas americana

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Northern Shoveler

Anas clypeata

Present in Park

Uncommon

Breeder

Green-winged Teal

Anas crecca

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Cinnamon Teal

Anas cyanoptera

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Blue-winged Teal

Anas discors

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Mallard

Anas platyrhynchos

Present in Park

Common

Resident

Gadwall

Anas strepera

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Lesser Scaup

Aythya affinis

Present in Park

Common

Migratory

Redhead

Aythya americana

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Ring-necked Duck

Aythya collaris

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Canvasback

Aythya valisineria

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Canada Goose

Branta canadensis

Present in Park

Uncommon

Breeder

Bufflehead

Bucephala albeola

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Common Goldeneye

Bucephala clangula

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Snow Goose

Chen caerulescens

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Trumpeter Swan

Cygnus buccinator

Present in Park

Uncommon

Breeder

Tundra Swan

Cygnus columbianus

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Hooded Merganser

Lophodytes cucullatus

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Common Merganser

Mergus merganser

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Ruddy Duck

Oxyura jamaicensis

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

White-throated Swift

Aeronautes saxatalis

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Great Blue Heron

Ardea herodias

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

American Bittern

Botaurus lentiginosus

Present in Park

Rare

Migratory

Snowy Egret

Egretta thula

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Black-crowned Night-Heron

Nycticorax nycticorax

Present in Park

Uncommon

Unknown

Cedar Waxwing

Bombycilla cedrorum

Present in Park

Common

Resident

Bohemian Waxwing

Bombycilla garrulus

Present in Park

Occasional

Resident

Lesser Nighthawk

Chordeiles acutipennis

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Common Nighthawk

Chordeiles minor

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Common Poorwill

Phalaenoptilus nuttallii

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Brown Creeper

Certhia americana

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Mountain Plover

Charadrius montanus

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Semipalmated Plover

Charadrius semipalmatus

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Killdeer

Charadrius vociferus

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

American Avocet

Recurvirostra americana

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Turkey Vulture

Cathartes aura

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Black Vulture

Coragyps atratus

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Yellow-billed Cuckoo

Coccyzus americanus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Black-billed Cuckoo

Coccyzus erythropthalmus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Rock Dove

Columba livia

Present in Park

Common

Resident

Mourning Dove

Zenaida macroura

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

American Crow

Corvus brachyrhynchos

Present in Park

Common

Resident

Common Raven

Corvus corax

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Blue Jay

Cyanocitta cristata

Present in Park

Common

Resident

Pinyon Jay

Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus

Present in Park

Occasional

Resident

Black-billed Magpie

Pica hudsonia

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Merlin

Falco columbarius

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Prairie Falcon

Falco mexicanus

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

American Kestrel

Falco sparverius

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Red-winged Blackbird

Agelaius phoeniceus

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Grasshopper Sparrow

Ammodramus savannarum

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Lark Bunting

Calamospiza melanocorys

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Lapland Longspur

Calcarius lapponicus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Mccown's Longspur

Calcarius mccownii

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Chestnut-collared Longspur

Calcarius ornatus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Smith's Longspur

Calcarius pictus

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Common Redpoll

Carduelis flammea

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Pine Siskin

Carduelis pinus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Lesser Goldfinch

Carduelis psaltria

Present in Park

Occasional

Vagrant

American Goldfinch

Carduelis tristis

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

House Finch

Carpodacus mexicanus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Breeder

Lark Sparrow

Chondestes grammacus

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Evening Grosbeak

Coccothraustes vespertinus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Yellow-rumped Warbler

Dendroica coronata

Present in Park

Common

Migratory

Magnolia Warbler

Dendroica magnolia

Present in Park

Rare

Migratory

Palm Warbler

Dendroica palmarum

Present in Park

Rare

Migratory

Yellow Warbler

Dendroica petechia

Present in Park

Common

Resident

Pine Warbler

Dendroica pinus

Present in Park

Rare

Migratory

Blackpoll Warbler

Dendroica striata

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Bobolink

Dolichonyx oryzivorus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Rusty Blackbird

Euphagus carolinus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Brewer's Blackbird

Euphagus cyanocephalus

Present in Park

Common

Resident

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

Present in Park

Common

Resident

Yellow-breasted Chat

Icteria virens

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Baltimore Oriole

Icterus galbula

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Orchard Oriole

Icterus spurius

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

Present in Park

Common

Resident

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch

Leucosticte tephrocotis

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Red Crossbill

Loxia curvirostra

Present in Park

Occasional

Resident

Lincoln's Sparrow

Melospiza lincolnii

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Song Sparrow

Melospiza melodia

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Black-and-white Warbler

Mniotilta varia

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Brown-headed Cowbird

Molothrus ater

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Macgillivray's Warbler

Oporornis tolmiei

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Northern Parula

Parula americana

Present in Park

Rare

Migratory

Savannah Sparrow

Passerculus sandwichensis

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Fox Sparrow

Passerella iliaca

Present in Park

Rare

Migratory

Lazuli Bunting

Passerina amoena

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Blue Grosbeak

Passerina caerulea

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Indigo Bunting

Passerina cyanea

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Pheucticus ludovicianus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Black-headed Grosbeak

Pheucticus melanocephalus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Eastern Towhee

Pipilo erythrophthalmus

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Spotted Towhee

Pipilo maculatus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Breeder

Western Tanager

Piranga ludoviciana

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Snow Bunting

Plectrophenax nivalis

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Vesper Sparrow

Pooecetes gramineus

Present in Park

Common

Resident

Common Grackle

Quiscalus quiscula

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Northern Waterthrush

Seiurus noveboracensis

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Dickcissel

Spiza americana

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

American Tree Sparrow

Spizella arborea

Present in Park

Common

Resident

Brewer's Sparrow

Spizella breweri

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Clay-colored Sparrow

Spizella pallida

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Chipping Sparrow

Spizella passerina

Present in Park

Common

Resident

Field Sparrow

Spizella pusilla

Present in Park

Common

Resident

Western Meadowlark

Sturnella neglecta

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Orange-crowned Warbler

Vermivora celata

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Golden-winged Warbler

Vermivora chrysoptera

Present in Park

Rare

Migratory

Tennessee Warbler

Vermivora peregrina

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Wilson's Warbler

Wilsonia pusilla

Present in Park

Common

Migratory

Yellow-headed Blackbird

Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Breeder

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

White-crowned Sparrow

Zonotrichia leucophrys

Present in Park

Common

Migratory

Harris's Sparrow

Zonotrichia querula

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Whooping Crane

Grus americana

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Sandhill Crane

Grus canadensis

Present in Park

Common

Migratory

Barn Swallow

Hirundo rustica

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Cliff Swallow

Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Bank Swallow

Riparia riparia

Present in Park

Uncommon

Unknown

Northern Rough-winged Swallow

Stelgidopteryx serripennis

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Tree Swallow

Tachycineta bicolor

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Violet-green Swallow

Tachycineta thalassina

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Northern Shrike

Lanius excubitor

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Loggerhead Shrike

Lanius ludovicianus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Breeder

Black Tern

Chlidonias niger

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Ring-billed Gull

Larus delawarensis

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Franklin's Gull

Larus pipixcan

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Forster's Tern

Sterna forsteri

Present in Park

Rare

Unknown

Common Tern

Sterna hirundo

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Gray Catbird

Dumetella carolinensis

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Northern Mockingbird

Mimus polyglottos

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Sage Thrasher

Oreoscoptes montanus

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Brown Thrasher

Toxostoma rufum

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

American Pipit

Anthus rubescens

Probably Present

NA

NA

Sprague's Pipit

Anthus spragueii

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Gray-cheeked Thrush

Catharus minimus

Probably Present

NA

NA

Swainson's Thrush

Catharus ustulatus

Present in Park

Common

Migratory

Townsend's Solitaire

Myadestes townsendi

Present in Park

Common

Resident

Mountain Bluebird

Sialia currucoides

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Eastern Bluebird

Sialia sialis

Present in Park

Uncommon

Breeder

American Robin

Turdus migratorius

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Black-capped Chickadee

Poecile atricapillus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

House Sparrow

Passer domesticus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Breeder

American White Pelican

Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Double-crested Cormorant

Phalacrocorax auritus

Present in Park

Rare

Unknown

Greater Sage Grouse

Centrocercus urophasianus

Historic

NA

NA

Wild Turkey

Meleagris gallopavo

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Gray Partridge

Perdix perdix

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Ring-necked Pheasant

Phasianus colchicus

Present in Park

Common

Resident

Greater Prairie-Chicken

Tympanuchus cupido

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Sharp-tailed Grouse

Tympanuchus phasianellus

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Northern Flicker

Colaptes auratus

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Red-headed Woodpecker

Melanerpes erythrocephalus

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Lewis' Woodpecker

Melanerpes lewis

Present in Park

Occasional

Migratory

Downy Woodpecker

Picoides pubescens

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Unknown

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

Present in Park

Rare

Migratory

Western Grebe

Aechmophorus occidentalis

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Horned Grebe

Podiceps auritus

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Eared Grebe

Podiceps nigricollis

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Pied-billed Grebe

Podilymbus podiceps

Probably Present

NA

NA

American Coot

Fulica americana

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Sora

Porzana carolina

Present in Park

Uncommon

Breeder

Virginia Rail

Rallus limicola

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Regulus calendula

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Golden-crowned Kinglet

Regulus satrapa

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Spotted Sandpiper

Actitis macularius

Present in Park

Common

Migratory

Upland Sandpiper

Bartramia longicauda

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Sanderling

Calidris alba

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Baird's Sandpiper

Calidris bairdii

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Stilt Sandpiper

Calidris himantopus

Present in Park

Rare

Migratory

Pectoral Sandpiper

Calidris melanotos

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Least Sandpiper

Calidris minutilla

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Semipalmated Sandpiper

Calidris pusilla

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Willet

Catoptrophorus semipalmatus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Wilson's Snipe

Gallinago delicata

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Long-billed Dowitcher

Limnodromus scolopaceus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Marbled Godwit

Limosa fedoa

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Long-billed Curlew

Numenius americanus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Bristle-thighed Curlew

Numenius tahitiensis

False Report

NA

NA

Red-necked Phalarope

Phalaropus lobatus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Wilson's Phalarope

Phalaropus tricolor

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Lesser Yellowlegs

Tringa flavipes

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Greater Yellowlegs

Tringa melanoleuca

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Solitary Sandpiper

Tringa solitaria

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Buff-breasted Sandpiper

Tryngites subruficollis

Present in Park

Rare

Migratory

Red-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta canadensis

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

White-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta carolinensis

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Short-eared Owl

Asio flammeus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Long-eared Owl

Asio otus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Breeder

Burrowing Owl

Athene cunicularia

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Snowy Owl

Bubo scandiacus

Present in Park

Occasional

Resident

Great Horned Owl

Bubo virginianus

Present in Park

Common

Resident

Eastern Screech-Owl

Megascops asio

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

European Starling

Sturnus vulgaris

Present in Park

Uncommon

Breeder

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Archilochus colubris

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Rufous Hummingbird

Selasphorus rufus

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Canyon Wren

Catherpes mexicanus

Present in Park

Rare

Vagrant

Marsh Wren

Cistothorus palustris

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Rock Wren

Salpinctes obsoletus

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

House Wren

Troglodytes aedon

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Olive-sided Flycatcher

Contopus cooperi

Present in Park

Rare

Migratory

Western Wood-Pewee

Contopus sordidulus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Willow Flycatcher

Empidonax traillii

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Great Crested Flycatcher

Myiarchus crinitus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Eastern Phoebe

Sayornis phoebe

Present in Park

Uncommon

Migratory

Say's Phoebe

Sayornis saya

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher

Tyrannus forficatus

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Eastern Kingbird

Tyrannus tyrannus

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Western Kingbird

Tyrannus verticalis

Present in Park

Common

Breeder

Barn Owl

Tyto alba

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

Bell's Vireo

Vireo bellii

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Warbling Vireo

Vireo gilvus

Present in Park

Rare

Migratory

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

Present in Park

Uncommon

Resident

Philadelphia Vireo

Vireo philadelphicus

Unconfirmed

NA

NA

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