• Great Kiva with Walls of West Ruin

    Aztec Ruins

    National Monument New Mexico

Curriculum Materials

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  • Petroglyph National Monument

    What It Takes to Survive: Then and Now

    What It Takes to Survive: Then and Now

    This lesson was designed to get students thinking about ancient Native culture-how it survived, and how it compares to the current culture today in New Mexico.

  • Petroglyph National Monument

    Hands Over Time

    Hands Over Time

    Students will recognize that handprint petroglyphs and pictographs may be prehistoric signatures. By leaving behind their own handprints on paper, students will increase their understanding of the value of petroglyphs and the need for their preservation.

  • Petroglyph National Monument

    The Power of Tools

    The Power of Tools

    This lesson is designed to teach young students about the many uses of tools over time. Students will not only understand how important tools were, but how they have been adapted and changed over time to fit our societal needs.

  • Aztec Ruins National Monument

    Aztec Ruins Teachers' Guide

    Aztec Ruins Teachers' Guide

    Drafted by teachers who attended "Project Archeology" workshops, lessons include hands-on activities that students undertake either on a field trip to Aztec Ruins or in the classroom with replica artifacts. Produced through funds from a National Park Foundation grant, the guide has been distributed to all San Juan County area schools.

  • Aztec Ruins National Monument

    Pottery of the Ancestral Pueblo

    Pottery of the Ancestral Pueblo

    Each pot sherd has a story and helps to complete the picture of a people in the absence of a written history. The ancestral Pueblo people created pottery for utilitarian, ceremonial functions and rituals, and trade. The styles of the pottery found at Aztec Ruins had specific relevance to their particular pre-historical, cultural context and intended use.

Did You Know?

Core and veneer wall

In places, the walls at Aztec Ruins are three feet thick, making them over twice as thick as Mesa Verde cliff dwelling architecture. Masons used the “core and veneer” style, laying a thick rubble core within a finely shaped stone veneer. This style is typical of Chaco Canyon "great house" sites.