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Chapter 1
The Initial Scientific Examination, Description, and
Analysis of the Kennewick Man Human Remains

Francis P. McManamon

References

Aitken, M. J.
(1990)       Science-based Dating in Archaeology. Longman, London and New York.

Bridges, P. S.
(1991)       Skeletal Evidence of Changes in Subsistence Activities between the Archaic and Mississippian Time Periods in Northwestern Alabama. In What Mean these Bones? Studies in Southeastern Bioarchaeology, edited by M. L. Powell, P. S. Bridges, and A. M. W. Mires, pp. 89-101. The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa and London.

Buikstra, J. E. and D. H. Ubelaker, editors
(1994)       Standards for Data Collection from Human Skeletal Remains. Arkansas Archeological Survey Research Series, No. 44. Fayetteville, Arkansas.

Droessler, J.
(1981)       Craniometry and Biological Distance: Biocultural Continuity and Change at the Late Woodland-Mississippian Interface. Research Series No.1, Center for American Archeology Northwestern University, Evanston, IL.

Edgar, H. J. H.
(1997)       Paleopathology of the Wizards Beach Man (AHUR 2023) and the Spirit Cave Mummy (AHUR 2064). Nevada Historical Society Quarterly 40(1):57-61.

Hedges, Robert E. and John A. J. Gowlett
(1986)       Radiocarbon Dating by Accelerator Mass Spectrometry. Scientific American 254 (1) 100-107.

Hedges, R. E. M. and G. J. Van Klinken
(1992)       A Review of Current Approaches in the Pretreatment of Bone for Radiocarbon Dating by AMS. Radiocarbon 34(3) 279-291.

Huckleberry, G., T. W. Stafford, and J. C. Chatters
(1998)       Preliminary Geoarchaeological Studies at Columbia Park, Kennewick, Washington. Report submitted to the Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District, March 23, 1998.

Kennedy, K. A. R.
(1989)        Skeletal Markers of Occupational Stress. In Reconstruction of Life from the Skeleton, edited by M.Y. Iscan and K. A. R. Kennedy, pp. 129-160. Alan R. Liss, New York.

Key, P. J.
(1983)        Craniometric Relationships Among Plains Indians. Report of Investigations No. 34, Department of Anthropology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville TN, USA.

Key, P. J.
(1994)       Relationships of the Woodland Period on the Northern and Central Plains: The Craniometric evidence. In Owsley, D. W. and Jantz, R. L. (editors), Skeletal Biology in the Great Plains: Migration, Warfare, Health, and Subsistence, pp. 179-187. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.

Larsen, C.S.
(1982)       The Anthropology of St. Catherines Island: 3. Prehistoric Human Biological Adaptation. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History 57 (part 3). New York, NY.

Larsen, C. S.
(1987)       Bioarchaeological interpretations of subsistence economy and behavior from human skeletal remains. In Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory Volume 10. Schiffer, M. B. (editor). Academic Press, San Diego. Pp. 339-445.

Larsen, C. S.
(1997)       Bioarchaeology: Interpreting behavior from the human skeleton. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York.

Lorenz, J. G. and D. G. Smith
(1996)       Distribution of four founding mtDNA haplogroups among Native North Americans. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 101:307-323.

Martin, Debra L., Goodman, Alan H., and Armelagos, G. J.
(1985)       Skeletal pathologies as indicators of quality and quantity of diet. In The Analysis of Prehistoric Diets. Gilbert, R.I. Jr. and Mielke, J.H. (editors). Academic Press, Orlando. Pp. 227-279.

Merbs, C. F.
(1983)       Patterns of Activity-induced Pathology in a Canadian Inuit Population. National Museum of Man Mercury Series, Archaeological Survey of Canada, No. 119. National Museum of Man, Ottawa.

Nickens, Paul R.
(1998)        Discovery of Ancient Remains at Kennewick Site and Subsequent Events. In Geologic, Geoarcheologic, and Historical Investigation of the Discovery Site of Ancient Remains in Columbia Park, Kennewick, Washington. Wakeley, L., W.L. Murphy, J.B.Dunbar, A.G.Warner, and F.L. Briuer, and P. R. Nickens, pp. B1-B7. Technical Report GL-98-13, Waterways Experiment Station, U.S. Army, Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, MS.

Ortner, D. J. and Putschar, W. G. J.
(1981)       Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C.

Owsley, D. W. and Jantz, R. L.
(1994)        Skeletal Biology in the Great Plains: Migration, Warfare, Health, and Subsistence. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.

Powell, M. L.
(1988)       Status and Health in Prehistory: a case study of the Moundville. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Price, T. Douglas
(1989)       The Chemistry of Prehistoric Human Bone. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England.

Radiocarbon Web-Info
(1999)        http://c14.sci.waikato.ac.nz/webinfo/index.html.

Rose, J.C., S.C. Anton, A.C. Aufderheide, J.E.Buikstra, L. Eisenberg, J.B.Gregg, E.E.Hunt, E.J. Neiburger, and B.Rothschild
(1991)        Paleopathology Association Skeletal Database Committee Recommendations. Paleopathology Association, Detroit, Michigan.

Sciulli, P. W.
(1990)        Cranial Metric and Discrete Trait Variation and Biological Differentiation in the Terminal Late Archaic of Ohio: The Duff Site Cemetery. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 82:19-30.

Smith, B. H.
(1984)       Patterns of molar wear in hunter-gatherers and agriculturists. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 63:39-56.

Steele, D.G. and J. F. Powell
(1994)       Paleobiological Evidence of the Peopling of the Americas: A Morphometric View. In Method and Theory for Investigating the Peopling of the Americas, edited by R.Bonnichsen and D.G. Steele, pp. 141-163. Center for the Study of the First Americans, Corvallis, OR.

Taylor, R. E.
(1987)        Radiocarbon Dating: An Archaeological Perspective. Academic Press, Orlando.

Taylor, R. E.
(1997)        Radiocarbon Dating. In Chronometric Dating in Archaeology, edited by R. E. Taylor and Martin J. Aitken, pp. 65-92. Advances in Archaeological and Museum Science, Volume 2. Plenum Press, New York and London.

Taylor, R. E., D. L. Kirner, J. R. Southon, and J. C. Chatters
(1998)       Letter to Science, Radiocarbon Dating of Kennewick Man. Science 280:1171-1172.

Wakeley, L., W.L. Murphy, J.B.Dunbar, A.G.Warner, and F.L. Briuer, and P. R. Nickens
(1998)       Geologic, Geoarcheologic, and Historical Investigation of the Discovery Site of Ancient Remains in Columbia Park, Kennewick, Washington. Technical Report GL-98-13, Waterways Experiment Station, U.S. Army, Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, MS.

White, T.D. and P.A. Folkens
(1991)        Human Osteology. Academic Press, New York.

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