On the Record | The Midwest
Click on the map to explore National Historic Landmarks and sites on the National Register of Historic Places. Stars indicate landmarks.

1

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Graham Cave

At this well-preserved habitation site, projectile points—along with an extensive collection of other artifacts—were found with plant and animal remains radiocarbon dated to 9,700 years ago. Designated a National Historic Landmark 1979.

2

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Modoc Rock Shelter

Samples from the shelter date to 9,000 years ago. Designated a National Historic Landmark 1978.

3

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Kimmswick Bone Bed

A host of projectile points and other stone tools were discovered with mastodon bones. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 1980.

4

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Rodgers Shelter Archeological Site

Archeologists found many artifacts in the deepest of four culture-bearing strata at the site-in a 17-foot-thick layer of clay and gravel. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 1969.

5

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Montgomery Archeological Site

A variety of late Paleoindian projectile points were recovered from river-terrace deposits. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 1978.

6

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Prairie Creek Site

Archeologists found stone tools among the bones of mastodon, giant beaver, and other extinct animals. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 1975.

7

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Adams County Archeological District

Surface surveys recovered projectile points from all Paleoindian periods. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 1974.

8

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Flint Ridge State Memorial

Distinctive chert from quarries in and around Flint Ridge has been found in Paleoindian sites throughout eastern North America. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 1975.

9

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Paleo Crossing-Old Dague Farm Site

The site has pits, dated post-hole fill, and undisturbed strata with collections of tools including numerous scrapers and projectile points resembling those found at nearby Nobles Pond. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 1992.

10

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Burrill Orchard Site

Best known for its fortified village from the Late Woodland period (A.D. 1300-1500), this peninsula site also featured deep, sealed pits containing late Paleoindian projectile points, drills, and other tools. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 1977.

11

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Holcombe Beach Site

Intensively analyzed, the site yielded one of the few pieces of animal remains clearly linked to the Midwest's first people-a charred caribou bone fragment. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 1970.

12

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Pewangoing Quarry

A major source of Eastport flint, used widely throughout the midwest by Paleoindian and later peoples. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 1972.

13

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Chesrow Site

The many projectile points found during surface reconnaissance at this site, near the shores of Lake Michigan, offer clues to a variety of uses. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 1977.

14

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Lucas Site

Small habitation that yielded a collection of artifacts similar to that found at the nearby Chesrow site. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 1995.

15

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Aebischer Site

Archeologists found a number of early artifacts at this small habitation, primarily crafted from nearby Moline chert. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 1985.

16

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Kamrath Site

Projectile points of Hixton Quartzite from Silver Mound (see number 18) were recovered at this small, open site. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 1975.

17

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Metzig Garden Site

Radiocarbon assays of charred remains suggest occupation between 10,500 to 8,500 years ago at this small, late Paleoindian site containing many shallow hearths or roasting pits. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 1988.

18

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Silver Mound Archeological District

Source of Hixton quartzite, used widely throughout the midwest in the Paleoindian period. The site, an isolated outcrop covering approximately 200 acres, yielded many tools and much stone debris. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 1975.

19

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Deadman Slough

Along a ridge, archeologists found late Paleoindian projectile points, scrapers, stone debris, a cremation burial, and charred plant and animal remains. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 1993.

20

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White Oak Point Site

Late Paleoindian projectile points were discovered at the site, used for a host of purposes. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places 1972.

1. Graham Cave 2. Modoc Rock Shelter 3. Kimmswick Bone Bed 4. Rodgers Shelter Archeological Site 5. Montgomery Archeological Site 6. Prairie Creek Site 7. Adams County Archeological District 8. Flint Ridge State Memorial 9. Paleo Crossing-Old Dague Farm Site 10. Burrill Orchard Site 11. Holcombe Beach Site 12. Pewangoing Quarry 13. Chesrow Site 14. Lucas Site 15. Aebischer Site 16. Kamrath Site 17. Metzig Garden Site 18. Silver Mound Archeological District 19. Deadman Slough 20. White Oak Point Site Download the print version