by John Sprinkle, NPS National
Historic Landmarks Survey
I distinctly remember my first visit to the Thunderbird Archeological District, designated a National Historic Landmark in 1977 for its association with the Paleoindians of central Virginia.
Like every other undergraduate anthropology student at the University of Delaware in the late 1970s, I’d heard lectures on the base camp at “T-bird,” the hunting camp at the “Fifty Site,” and the quarry across the Shenandoah River where Paleoindians crafted their distinctive fluted projectile points and other tools.
To us, the Paleoindians inhabited a foreign country, one whose material culture was being teased from the floodplain by “piece-plotting” artifacts as they were found in the stratified soil. next >>