Synonym: Scabrethia scabra
Family: Asteraceae (A Utah Flora – Compositae) – Sunflower Family
Perennial herbs from a taproot; stems 6” to 2' (1.5 to 6 dm) tall or more
Leaves: alternate; simple; very rough, stiff hairs; lower leaves 1.2” to 6” (3 to 15 cm) long, 0.12” to 0.68” (3 to 17 mm) wide
Flowers: yellow ray flowers and disk flowers; flower head appears to be a single flower, but is composed of several flowers (a composite). 10 to 23 rays, pistillate, fertile are 0.72” to 1.6” (18 to 40 mm) long; yellow disk flowers, perfect
Pollinators: other Wyethia species are pollinated by insects
Fruits: achene – 1 seeded with hard shell
Blooms in Arches National Park: April, May, June
Habitat in Arches National Park: desert shrub and pinyon-juniper communities; usually in sand
Location seen: park road mile 1 to 3, park road mile 4 and 9-10, Delicate Arch road, Salt Valley road
Other: The genus name, “Wyethia”, honors Nathaniel Wyeth (1802-1856), a Massachusetts businessman who led two overland expeditions to Oregon in 1832 and 1834. The botanist Thomas Nutall and the ornithologist John Kirk Townsend accompanied the 2nd expedition, during which Nutall named this plant for Wyeth. The species name,”scabra”, means “rough” referring to the texture of the leaves which feel like sandpaper.
This family is the most advanced and complex of the dicots. The family is rich in oils and resins and is found in every part of the world, but is infrequent in the tropical rainforest. Aquatic or semi-aquatic species are also uncommon.
Did You Know?
The common raven displays abilities to play and problem-solve that are rare among animals. This member of the crow family is also very vocal, communicating with over a dozen sounds. Perhaps because of these qualities, ravens have achieved a certain stature in both European and Native American folklore.