Suggested Reading


Appalachian National Scenic Trail:

Appalachian Trail Conservancy:

Volunteer Toolkit of ATC’s website: management-support/volunteer_toolkit

The National Trails System Act:

A.T. Comprehensive Plan:


Anderson, L. W., Karthwohl, D. R., Airasian, P. W., Mayer, R. W., Pintrich, P. R., Raths, J., & Wittrock, M. C. (2001). A taxonomy for learning teaching and assessing (Complete ed.). New York: Longman.

Angelo, T.A. (1995). Reassessing and defining assessment. AAHE Bulletin, 48(3): 149.

Beatley, Timothy and Manning, Kristy. 1997. The Ecology of Place. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Bishop, Sharon. The Power of Place. English Journal, 93(6), (2004): 65-69.

Bourne, Barbara, Taking Inquiry Outdoors: Reading, Writing, and Science Beyond the Classroom Walls. 2000. Stenhouse Publishers.

Center for Ecoliteracy. 2000. Ecoliteracy: Mapping the Terrain. Berkeley, CA: Center for Ecoliteracy.

Clark, Delia and Glazer, Stephen. 2004. Questing: A Guide to Creating Community Treasure Hunts. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England.

Cobb, Edith. 1993. The Ecology of Imagination in Childhood. Dallas: Spring Publications.

Cornell, Joseph Bharat. 1998. Sharing Nature with Children. Nevada City, CA: Dawn Publications.

Corporation for National and Community Service. 2005. Sharing Your National Service Story: A Guide to Working with the Media. Washington, DC: Corporation for National and Community Service.

Cuban, L. (1992). Curriculum stability and change. In Jackson, Philip (Ed.) Handbook of Research on Curriculum. American Educational Research Association.

Duffin, M., Murphy, M., & Johnson, B. (2008). Quantifying a Relationship Between Place- based Learning and Environmental Quality: Final report. Retrieved 12/08 from

Elder, John, ed. 1998. Stories in the Land: A Place-Based Environmental Education Anthology. Great Barrington, MA: The Orion Society.

Fletcher, Adam. 2007. Can Students Just Be Involved? 50 Ways Adults Can Support Student Voice.

Fortney, K., and Sheppard, B (eds.). An alliance of spirit: Museum and school partnerships. 2010. AAM Press.

Fulcher, K.H., Swain, M., & Orem, C.D. (2012). Expectations for assessment reports: A descriptive analysis. Assessment Update, 24(1):1-2, 14-16.

Glazer, Steven, ed. 2001. Valley Quest: 89 Treasure Hunts in the Upper Valley. White River Junction, VT: Vital Communities.

Gruenewald, David. Foundations of Place: A Multidisciplinary Framework for Place-Conscious Education. American Educational Research Journal, 40 (2003): 619-654. Gruenewald, David. The Best of Both Worlds: A Critical Pedagogy of Place. Educational Researcher, 32(4) (2003): 3-12.

Harkins, Tracy and Kaufman, Barbara and Rudoff, Fran. 2005. Kids as Planners: A Guide to Strengthening Students, Schools and Communities through Service-Learning. Lewiston, ME: Kids Consortium.

Hart, Roger A. 1997. Children’s Participation: The Theory and Practice of Involving Young Citizens in Community Development and Environmental Care. London: Earthscan Publications / Unicef.

Hinchman, Hannah. 1997. A Trail Through Leaves: The Journal as a Path to Place. New York: W. W. Norton.

Hiss, Tony. 1990. The Experience of Place. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Jackson, Wes. 1994. Becoming Native to this Place. Washington DC: Counterpoint.

Kirkland, Jane, No Student Left Indoors, 2007, Stillwater Publishing.

Kunstler, James Howard. 1993. The Geography of Nowhere. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Kuo, F. E., Sullivan, W. C., Coley, R. L., and Brunson, L. 1998. Fertile Ground for Community: Inner-city Neighborhood Common Spaces. American Journal of Community Psychology 26, (6) Dec) 823-851.

Lattuca, L. & Stark, J. (2009) Shaping the college curriculum: Academic plans in context. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Lawrence, Gail. 1998. A Field Guide to the Familiar. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England.

Leopold, Aldo. 1949. A Sand County Almanac. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Leslie, Clare Walker and Tallmadge, John and Wessels, Tom. 2005. Into the Field: A Guide to Locally Focused Teaching. Great Barrington, MA: The Orion Society.

Louv, Richard. 2005. Last Child in the Woods: Saving our Children from Nature Deficit Disorder. Chapel Hill, NC: Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill.

Mattessich, P., Murray-Close, M., and Monsey, B. Collaboration: What makes it work. (2nd Edition). 2001. Fieldstone Alliance. Melber, Leah M., Informal Learning and Field Trips, Engaging Students in Standards- Based Experiences Across the K-5 Curriculum, 2008. Cowin Press.

McTighe, J., & Wiggins, G. (2011). The understanding by design guide to creating high-quality units. Alexandria, VA: ASCD

McTighe, J., & Wiggins, G. (2011). The understanding by design guide to advanced concepts in creating and reviewing units. Alexandria, VA: ASCD

McTighe, J., & Wiggins, G. (2005). Understanding by design. (2nd ed.) Alexandria, VA: ASCD

McTighe, J., & Wiggins, G. (2004). Understanding by design: Professional development workbook. Alexandria, VA: ASCD

Moore, R. C. 2003. How Cities Use Parks to Help Children Learn. Chicago, IL: American Planning Association.

Nabhan, Gary Paul, and Trimble, Stephen. 1994. The Geography of Childhood: Why Children Need Wild Places. Boston: Beacon.

O’Connell, P. and Hoermann, E. (eds.). National parks and education partners: Six case studies. 2005. National Park Service.

Ornstein, A. C., and Hunkins, F. P. (2009). Curriculum: Foundations, principles, and issues. Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc.

Orr, David W. 1994. 1992. Ecological Literacy. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.

Parrella, Deborah. 1995. Project Seasons: Hands-on Activities for Discovering the Wonders of the World. Shelburne, VT: Shelburne Farms.

PEEC. 2008. The Benefits of Place-based Education: A Report by the Place-based Education Evaluation Collaborative. Retrieved 12/08 from

PEER Associates. 2006. FFEC Report on Program Replication and Dissemination Practices. Retrieved 11/08 from

Penuel, W. R., & Gallagher, L. P. (2009). Preparing teachers to design instruction for deep understanding in middle school earth science. Journal of the learning sciences, 18(4), 461-508. doi:10.1080/10508400903191904.

Powers, Amy. “An Evaluation of Four Place-based Education Programs.” The Journal of Environmental Education: Reports and Research, 35(4), (2004): 17-32.

Pyle, R.M. 1998. The Thunder Tree: Lessons from an Urban Wildland. New York, NY: Lyons Press.

Pyle, R. M. 2002. Eden in a Vacant Lot: Special Places, Species, and Kids in the Neighborhood of Life. In Children and Nature: Psychological, Sociological and Evolutionary Investigations, P. H. Kahn, Jr. and S. R. Kellert, eds. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 305-328.

Rural School and Community Trust. Communities and Schools: Getting Better Together. Washington, DC: The Rural School and Community Trust. (Video)

Sheppard, B. (ed.). Building museum & school partnerships. 1993. American Association of Museums.

Smith, Gregory A. and Sobel, David. 2010. Place-and Community-based Education in Schools. New York, NY: Routledge.

Sobel, David. 1998. Mapmaking with Children: Sense of Place Education for the Elementary Years. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Sobel, David. 2004. Place-based Education: Connecting Classrooms and Communities. Great Barrington, MA: The Orion Society.

Sobel, David. 2008. Childhood and Nature: Design Principles for Educators. Portland, ME: Stenhouse Publishers. Sonoran Institute. 1997. National Parks and Their Neighbors: Lessons from the Field on Building Partnerships with Local Communities. Tucson, AZ: Sonoran Institute.

Stilgoe, John R. 1998. Outside Lies Magic: Regaining History and Awareness in Everyday Places. New York: Walker and Company.

Stokely, Kim. 2002. Components of Place-Based Learning, Adopt-A-Watershed evaluation tool. Hayfork, CA: Adopt-a-Watershed.

Tillman, Tiffany. 2008. Healthy Neighborhoods/Healthy Kids Guide. Shelburne, VT: Shelburne Farms.

Tomlinson, C. A. and McTighe, J. (2006) Integrating differentiated instruction plus understanding by design. Connecting content and kids. Alexandria, VA: ASCD. ISBN: 9781416602842

Vermont FEED. 2007. Grow Up Fresh! Vermont Farm to School (DVD).

Wiggins and McTighe (2006). Understanding by Design. Pearson: Merrill Prentice Hall. p. 24. ISBN 0-13-195084-3.

Wiggins, G. & McTighe, J. (2005). Understanding by Design (Expanded 2nd Ed. USA). Alexandria, Va.: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Wiggins, G. P., & McTighe, J. (1998). Understanding by design. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Woodhouse, Janice, and Knapp, Clifford. Place-based Curriculum and Instruction: Outdoor and Environmental Education Approaches. Charleston, WV: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools. 2000. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED448012.

Woodhouse, Janice. Over the River and Through the ’Hood: Re-viewing ’Place’ as a Focus of Pedagogy. Thresholds in Education, 27(3 & 4), (2001): 1-5.


A good starting place for PBSL:

Within this site, for a broad and continually updated list of websites useful for work with PBSL, go to:

Other sites of particular note include: - the US Forest Service's webpage for kids - a compendium of PBL research and evaluation reports and tools - a clearinghouse for information on service learning - partnership resources - cultural resource management, creative teaching with historic places; a cultural resource management on-line magazine - Let's Go Outside Information for educators on the benefits of connecting with nature, with an interactive database to find natural areas in your region - National Park Service list of resources for families to get outside. All resources have links to more information. - Active Kids Club-Canada Active Kids Club has information about the benefits from being outside. They also provide tips for playing outside in all seasons, and for how to create an outdoor playgroup. - Wilderness Awareness School, This group provides training for parents, teachers, and mentors. They also have a book to purchase called Coyote's Guide to Connecting with Nature. - 4-H National Council National youth development organization affiliated with land grant universities in every state.

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