• The village of Appomattox Court House from the west, the McLean House is on the right.

    Appomattox Court House

    National Historical Park Virginia

Wildflowers

Forbs of Appomattox Court House NHP

Common name

Scientific name

Notes

Herbaceous plants with upright growth

Common threeseed mercury

Acalypha rhomboidea

Virginia threeseed mercury

Acalypha virginica

Common yarrow

Achillea millefolium

Black bugbane

Actaea racemosa

Earleaf foxglove

Agalinis auriculata

Native, rare in Virginia

Facicled agalinis

Agalinis fasciculata

Slenderleaf false foxglove

Agalinis tenuifolia

Southern agrimony

Agrimonia parviflora

Beaked agrimony

Agrimonia rostellata

American water plantain

Alisma subcordatum

Garlic mustard

Alliana petiolata

Non-native, moderately invasive

Wild garlic

Allium vineale

Non-native, moderately invasive

Annual ragweed

Ambrosia artemisiifolia

Great ragweed

Ambrosia trifida

American hogpeanut

Amphicarpaea bracteata

Pimpernel

Anagallis arvensis

Non-native

Thimbleweed

Anemone virginiana

Woman's tobacco

Antennaria plantaginifolia

Adam and Eve

Aplectrum hyemale

Indian hemp

Apocynum cannabinum

Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema triphyllum

Virginia snakeroot

Aristolochia serpentaria

Clasping milkweed

Asclepias amplexicaulis

Common milkweed

Asclepias syriaca

Butterfly milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa

Green comet milkweed

Asclepias viridiflora

Ebony spleenwort

Asplenium platyneuron

Downy yellow false foxglove

Aureolaria virginica

Horseflyweed

Baptisia tinctoria

Garden yellowrocket

Barbarea vulgaris

Non-native

Spanish needles

Bidens bipinnata

Devil's beggartick

Bidens frondosa

Smallspike false nettle

Boehmeria cylindrica

Field mustard

Brassica rapa

Non-native

False boneset

Brickellia eupatoroides

Corn gromwell

Buglossoides arvensis

Non-native, moderately invasive

Lesser calamint

Calamintha nepeta

Non-native

Common buttonbush

Caphalanthus occidentalis

Hairy bittercress

Cardamine hirsuta

Non-native

Pennsylvania bittercress

Cardamine pensylvanica

Spotted knapweed

Centaurea stoebe

Non-native, highly invasive

Common mouse-ear chickweed

Cerastium fontanum

Non-native

Sticky chickweed

Cerastium glomeratum

Non-native

Partridge pea

Chamaecrista nictitans

Fairywand

Chamaelirium luteum

Spotted sandmat

Chamaesyce maculata

White turtlehead

Chelone glabra

Maryland goldenaster

Chrysopsis mariana

Chicory

Cichorium intybus

Non-native

Striped prince's pine

Chimaphila maculata

Pipsissewa

Chimaphila umbellata

Broadleaf enchanter's nightshade

Circaea lutetiana

Canada thistle

Cirsium arvense

Non-native, highly invasive

Field thistle

Cirsium discolor

Bull thistle

Cirsium vulgare

Non-native, moderately invasive

Curlyheads

Clematic ochroleuca

Wild basil

Clinopodium vulgare

Richweed

Collinsonia canadensis

Common dayflower

Commelina communis

Blue mist flower

Conoclinum coelestinum

American squawroot

Conopholis americana

Canadian horseweed

Conyza canadensis

Whorled tickseed

Coreopsis verticillata

Blue wax weed

Cuphea viscosissima

Canadian honewort

Cryptotaenia canadensis

Pink lady's slipper

Cypripedium acaule

Queen Anne's lace

Daucus carota

Non-native

Jimson weed

Datura stramonium

Hoary tretickfoil

Desmodium canescens

Pointedleaf ticktrefoil

Desmodium glutinosum

Smooth ticktrefoil

Desmodium laevigatum

Smooth small-leaf tick trefoil

Desmodium marilandicum

Nakedflower ticktrefoil

Desmodium nudiflorum

Stiff ticktrefoil

Desmodium obtusum

Panicledleaf ticktrefoil

Desmodium paniculatum

Prostrate ticktrefoil

Desmodium rotundifolium

Velvetleaf ticktrefoil

Desmodium viridiflorum

Deptford pink

Dianthus armeria

Non-native

Indian strawberry

Duchesnea indica

Non-native

False daisy

Eclipta alba

Carolina elephantfoot

Elephantopus carolinianus

Beechdrops

Epifagas virginiana

Eastern daisy fleabane

Erigeron annuus

Prairie fleabane

Erigeron strigosus

Philadelphia fleabane

Erigeron philadelphicus

Tall thoroughwort

Eupatorium altissimum

Trumpetweed

Eupatorium fistulosum

Godfrey's thoroughwort

Eupatorium godfreyanum

Hyssopleaf thoroughwort

Eupatorium hyssopifolium

Common boneset

Eupatorium perfoliatum

Flowering spurge

Euphorbia corollata

Cypress spurge

Euphorbia cyparissias

Non-native

White wood aster

Eurybia divaricata

Virginia strawberry

Fragaria virginiana

Stickywilly

Galium aparine

Rough bedstraw

Galium asprellum

Licorice bedstraw

Galium circaezans

Wall bedstraw

Galium parisiense

Non-native, common on west coast of U.S.

Hairy bedstraw

Galium pilosum

Southern three-lobed bedstraw

Galium tinctorium

Non-native

Fragrant bedstraw

Galium triflorum

Spoonleaf purple everlasting

Gamochaeta purpurea

Cutleaf geranium

Geranium dissectum

Non-native

Spotted geranium

Geranium maculatum

White avens

Geum canadense

Cream avens

Geum virginianum

Downy rattlesnake plantain

Goodyera pubescens

American false pennroyal

Hedeoma pulegioides

Longbranch frostweed

Helianthemum canadense

Thinleaf sunflower

Helianthus decapetalus

Woodland sunflower

Helianthus divaricatus

Paleleaf woodland sunflower

Helianthus strumosus

Orange daylily

Hemerocallis fulva

Non-native

Roundlobe hepatica

Hepatica nobilis v obtusa

American alumroot

Heuchera americana

Meadow hawkweed

Hieracium caespitosum

Queendevil

Hieracium gronovii

Alleghany hawkweed

Hieracium paniculatum

Mouseear hawkweed

Hieracium pilosella

Non-native

Rough hawkweed

Hieracium scabrum

Rattlesnakeweed

Hieracium venosum

Jagged chickweed

Holosteum umbellatum

Non-native

Azure bluet

Houstonia caerulea

Venus's pride

Houstonia purpurea

Small bluet

Houstonia pusilla

Shawnee salad

Hydrophyllum virginianum

Nits-and-lice

Hypericum drummondii

Native, rare in Virginia

Orangegrass

Hypericum gentianoides

Claspingleaf St. Johnswort

Hypericum gymnanthum

St. Andrews's cross

Hypericum hypercoides

Dwarf St. Johnswort

Hypericum mutilum

False spotted St. Johnswort

Hypericum pseudomaculatum

Spotted St. John's wort

Hypericum punctatum

Common goldstar

Hypoxis hirsuta

Jewelweed

Impatiens capensis

Potato dwarf dandelion

Krigia dandelion

Virginia dwarf dandelion

Krigia virginica

Korean clover

Kummerowia stipulacea

Non-native

Japanese clover

Kummerowia striata

Non-native

Canada lettuce

Lactuca canadensis

Woodland lettuce

Lactuca floridana

Willowleaf lettuce

Lactuca saligna

Non-native

Blue lettuce

Lactuca tartarica

Henbit deadnettle

Lamium amplexicaule

Non-native

Purple deadnettle

Lamium purpureum

Non-native

Illinois pinweed

Lechea racemulosa

Field pepperweed

Lepidium campestre

Non-native

Chinese lespedeza

Lespedeza cuneata

Non-native, highly invasive

Shrubby lespedeza

Lespedeza frutescens

Hairy lespedeza

Lespedeza hirta

Trailing lespedeza

Lespedeza procumbens

Creeping lespedeza

Lespedeza repens

Violet lespedeza

Lespedeza violacea

Slender lespedeza

Lespedeza virginica

Oxeye daisy

Leucanthemum vulgare

Non-native

Scaly blazing star

Liatris squarrosa

Ridged yellow flax

Linum striatum

Woodland flax

Linum virginianum

Brown widelip orchid

Liparis liliifolia

Indian tobacco

Lobelia inflata

Great blue lobelia

Lobelia siphilitica

Seedbox

Ludwigia alternifolia

Marsh seedbox

Ludwigia palustris

Fan clubmoss

Lycopodium digitatum

American water horehound

Lycopus americanus

Virginia water horehound

Lycopus virginicus

Fringed loosestrife

Lysimachia ciliata

Whorled yellow loosestrife

Lysimachia quadrifolia

Feathery false lily of the valley

Maianthemum racemosum

Axilflower

Mecardonia acuminata

Black medick

Medicago lupulina

Non-native

White sweet clover

Melilotus officinalis

Non-native, occassionly invasive

Alleghany monkeyflower

Mimulus ringens

Indianpipe

Monotropa uniflora

Starch grape hyacinth

Muscari neglectum

Largeseed forget-me-not

Myosotis macrosperma

Narrowleaf evening primrose

Oenothera fruticosa

Slender yellow woodsorrel

Oxalis dillenii

Common yellow olaxis

Oxalis stricta

Violet wood sorrel

Oxalis violacea

Wild quinine

Parthenium integrifolium

Eastern smooth beardtongue

Penstemon laevigatus

beefsteakplant

Perilla frutescens

Non-native, occassionly invasive

American lopseed

Phryma leptostachya

American pokeweed

Phytolacca americana

Canadian clearweed

Pilea pumila

Large bracted plantain

Plantago aristata

Narrowleaf plantain

Plantago lanceolata

Non-native

Common plantain

Plantago major

Non-native

Blackseed plantain

Plantago rugelii

Virginia plantain

Plantago virginica

Mayapple

Podophyllum peltatum

Purple milkwort

Polygala sanguinea

Whorled milkwort

Polygala verticillata

Smooth Solomon's seal

Polygonatum biflorum

Halberdleaf tearthumb

Polygonum arifolium

Oriental ladysthumb

Polygonum caespitosum

Invasive non-native

Longroot smartweed

Polygonum amphibium

Black bindweed

Polygonum convovulus

Non-native

Swamp smartweed

Polygonum hydropiperoides

Spotted ladysthumb

Polygonum persicaria

Non-native

Arrowleaf tearthumb

Polygonum sagittatum

Jumpseed

Polygonum virginianum

Dwarf cinquefoil

Potentilla canadensis

Sulphur cinquefoil

Potentilla recta

Non-native

Tall rattlesnakewort

Prenanthes altissima

Rabbit-tobacco

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium

Heal all

Prunella vulgaris

Hoary mountainmint

Pycnanthemum incanum

Clustered mountainmint

Pycnanthemum muticum

Narrowleaf mountainmint

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium

Whorled mountainmint

Pycnanthemum verticillatum

Carolina desert-chicory

Pyrrhopappus carolinianus

Littleleaf buttercup

Ranunculus abortivus

St. Anthony's turnip

Ranunculus bulbosus

Non-native

Blisterwort

Ranunculus recurvatus

Orange coneflower

Rudbeckia fulgida

Blackeyed Susan

Rudbeckia hirta

Carolina wild petunia

Ruellia caroliniensis

Redsorrel

Rumex acetosella

Non-native, moderately invasive

Curly dock

Rumex crispus

Non-native, moderately invasive

Patience dock

Rumex patientia

Non-native

Rosepink

Sabatia angularis

Broadleaf arrowhead

Sagittaria latifolia

Lyreleaf sage

Salvia lyrata

Bloodroot

Sanguinaria canadensis

Canadian blacksnakeroot

Sanicula canadensis

Large fuit blacksnakeroot

Sanilcula trifoliata

Native, rare in Virginia

Hairy skullcap

Scutellaria elliptica

Helmet flower

Scutellaria integrifolia

Leonard's skullcap

Scutellaria parvula

Showy skullcap

Scutellaria serrata

Crown vetch

Securigera varia

Non-native

Small's ragwort

Senecio anonymus

Wooly ragwort

Senecio tomentosus

Toothed whitetop aster

Sericocarpus asteroides

Sleepy silene

Silene antirrhina

Whorled rosinweed

Silphium trifoliatum

Narrowleaf blue-eyed grass

Sisyrinchium angustifolium

Horse nettle

Solanum carolinense

Canada goldenrod

Solidago altissima

White goldenrod

Solidago bicolor

Wreath goldenrod

Solidago caesia

Early goldenrod

Solidago juncea

Gray goldenrod

Solidago nemoralis

Wrinkleleaf goldenrod

Solidago rugosa

Showy goldenrod

Solidago speciosa

Little lady's tresses

Spiranthes tuberosa

Northern slender lady's tresses

Spiranthes lacera

Common chickweed

Stelleria media

Non-native, moderately invasive

Star chickweed

Stelleria pubera

Sidebeak pencilflower

Stylosanthes biflora

Common blue wood aster

Symphyotrichum cordifolium

Rice button aster

Symphyotrichum dumosum

Calico aster

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum

Hairy white oldfield aster

Symphyotrichum pilosum

Waxyleaf aster

Symphyotrichum undulatum

Skunk cabbage

Symplocarpus foetidus

Red-seeded dandelion

Taraxacum erthrospermum

Common dandelion

Taraxacum officinale

Non-native

Shepherd's cress

Teesdalia nudicaulis

Non-native

Virginia tephrosia

Tephrosia virginiana

Tall meadow rue

Thalictrum pubescens

Rue anemone

Thalictrum thalictroides

Hairyjoint meadowparsnip

Thaspium barbinode

Purple meadowparsnip

Thaspium trifoliatum

Heartleaf foamflower

Tiarella cordifolia

Forked bluecurls

Tricostema dichotomum

Rabbitsfoot clover

Trifolium arvense

Non-native

Field clover

Trifolium campestre

Non-native

Suckling clover

Trifolium dubium

Non-native

Red clover

Trifolium pratense

Non-native

White clover

Trifolium repens

Non-native

Clasping venus's looking glass

Triodanis perfoliata

Stinging nettle

Urtica dioica

Perfoliate bellwort

Uvularia perfoliata

Moth mullein

Verbascum blattaria

Non-native

Common mullein

Verbascum thapsus

Non-native

Narrowleaf vervain

Verbena simplex

White vervain

Verbena urticifolia

Wingstem

Verbesina alternifolia

Yellow crownbeard

Verbesina occidentalis

Broadleaf ironweed

Vernonia glauca

New York ironweed

Vernonia noveboracensis

Corn speedwell

Veronica arvensis

Non-native

Ivy-leaved speedwell

Veronica hederaefolia

Non-native, moderately invasive

Common speedwell

Veronica officinalis

Non-native

Carolina vetch

Vicia caroliniana

Garden vetch

Vicia sativa v nigra

Non-native

Winter vetch

Vicia villosa

Non-native

Early blue violet

Viola palmata

Common blue violet

Viola sororia

Common cocklebur

Xanthium strumarium

Non-native, moderately invasive

Herbaceous plants with trailing growth (Vines)

Amur peppervine/ porcelainberry

Ampelopsis brevipedunculata

Non-native, highly invasive

Groundnut

Apios americana

Hedge false bindweed

Calystegia sepium

Non-native

Trumpet creeper

Campsis radicans

Asian bittersweet

Celastrus orbiculatus

Non-native, highly invasive

Devil's darning needles

Clematis virginiana

Field bindweed

Convulvulus arvensis

Non-native, moderately invasive

honeyvine

Cynanchum laeve

Chinese yam

Dioscorea oppositifolia

Non-native, highly invasive

Fourleaf yam

Dioscorea quaternata

Ivy leaf morning glory

Ipomoea hederacea

Non-native, moderately invasive

Man-of-the-earth

Ipomoea pandurata

Tall morning glory

Ipomoea purpurea

Non-native, moderately invasive

Japanese honeysuckle

Lonicera japonica

Non-native, highly invasive

Climbing hempvine

Mikania scandens

Virginia creeper

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Kudzu

Pueraria montana

Non-native, highly invasive

Saw greenbier

Smilax bona-nox

Cat greenbrier

Smilax glauca

Smooth carrionflower

Smilax herbacea

Downy carrionflower

Smilax pulverulenta

Roundleaf greenbrier

Smilax rotundifolia

Pink fuzzybean

Strophostyles umbellata

Eastern poison ivy

Toxicodendron radicans

Bigleaf periwinkle

Vinca major

Non-native, occassionly invasive

Common periwinkle

Vinca minor

Non-native, occassionly invasive

Summer grape

Vitis aestivalis

Fox grape

Vitis labrusca

Muscadine grape

Vitis rotundifolia

Frost grape

Vitis vulpina

Chinese wisteria

Wisteria sinensis

Non-native, highly invasive


Did You Know?

Wilmer Mclean House

The name of this village is Appomattox Court House, as was common among many county seats in Virginia. The surrender meeting actually took place in a private home, that of Wilmer McLean.