• The village of Appomattox Court House from the west, the McLean House is on the right.

    Appomattox Court House

    National Historical Park Virginia

Natural Features & Ecosystems

beaver dam
A beaver dam on the Appomattox River, located upstream from the Sweeney Mill site.
NPS photo
 

Topography
Appomattox Court House NHP lies with the Piedmont Province of central Virginia east of the Appalachian Mountains. Within the park are gently rolling hills and valleys with elevations ranging between 640 and 830 feet above sea level. Over eight miles of streams, including the headwaters of Appomattox River lie within the boundaries of the park. These streams ultimately drain into the Chesapeake Bay.

Wetlands
Wetlands are lands where water saturation is the dominant factor determining the soil development and the types of plants and animals living there. Most of the wetlands in the park are located in floodplains along the Appomattox River and Plain Run Branch. Beavers will occasionally dam streams in the park to form temporary complexes of ponds and channels, which are classified as a different type of wetland. Other wetland types found in the park include seeps and upland depression swamps. Although once more common across the landscape, many upland wetlands were historically drained to increase the amount of land that could be farmed. A unique feature in the park, the Tibbs vernal pool is a large, isolated, upland depression wetland that has been both drained and restored at some point in the past.

 
Vernal Pool Mar n June
A vernal pool fills with water during cooler months and dries out as temperatures rise.  The photo on the left was taken in March, when the water level is highest.  By mid-summer, the standing water is gone (right).
NPS photos

Did You Know?

Drawing by Frank Vizetelly appeared in the

Sam Sweeney of Appomattox County, Virginia was the "Minstrel Man" for General J.E.B Stuart, and grew up on the grounds of what is now, Appomattox Court House National Historical Park.