• Andrew Johnson Swing Around the Circle Tour

    Andrew Johnson

    National Historic Site Tennessee

The Freedmen's Bureau Bill

Freedmen's Bureau Bill

First Veto:

1. Johnson was opposed to the use of the military during peacetime.

2. Johnson felt the Bill was a Federal encroachment into state matters.

3. Johnson felt this was "class legislation" for a particular segment of society that:

a. Would keep the ex-slaves from being self-sustaining, and

b. Had not been done for struggling whites (like he had been as an ex-apprentice).

4. Johnson did not feel that Congress should be making these decisions for unrepresented states.

Second veto:

Johnson's second objections were the same as his first.

Did You Know?

Dr Mary Edwards Walker

In 1865 Andrew Johnson awarded Dr. Mary Edwards Walker with the Congressional Medal of Honor for her services during the Civil War. She remains the first and only women to receive the medal.