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  • Andersonville National Historic Site

    The Trial of Henry Wirz

    A newspaper drawing of the courtroom showing Captain Wirz reclining on a couch

    1. Should there be laws governing war?
    2. Should there be laws protecting enemy soldiers when they are captured?
    3. What responsibilities do leaders have for people assigned to their care, even in difficult circumstances?
    4. Can one person be held responsible for so great a tragedy as Andersonville?
    5. Is a military tribunal a fair way to prosecute a suspected war criminal, or would a civilian trial be more appropriate?

    Type:
    Lesson Plan
    Grade level:
    High School: Ninth Grade through Twelfth Grade
    Subjects:
    Literacy and Language Arts,Social Studies
  • Andersonville National Historic Site

    August Anguish at Andersonville: An Elementary Math Lesson

    August Graves at Andersonville

    How can I as a historian use fractions and percentages to explore and better understand the Andersonville prison during the Civil War?

    Type:
    Lesson Plan
    Grade level:
    Upper Elementary: Third Grade through Fifth Grade
    Subjects:
    Math,Social Studies
  • The Graves of Andersonville in August

    How can I as a historian use mean, median, mode, and ratios to explore and better understand the Andersonville prison during the Civil War? 

    Type:
    Lesson Plan
    Grade level:
    Middle School: Sixth Grade through Eighth Grade
    Subjects:
    Math,Social Studies
  • Andersonville National Historic Site

    Prisoner of War Museum Activity Booklet

    Students work on an activity in the museum hallway.

    A booklet is available for students to work through as they explore the National Prisoner of War Museum, focusing on the prisoner of war experience. If you plan on using this activity, you will need run copies for your students before you arrive.

    Type:
    Lesson Plan
    Grade level:
    Sixth Grade-Twelfth Grade
    Subjects:
    African American History and Culture, Civic Engagement, Civil War, Cold War, French and Indian War, Government, Law, Mexican War, Military and Wartime History, Naval History, Revolutionary War, Social Studies, War of 1812, World War I, World War II
  • Courtroom scene

    In the fall of 1865, Captain Wirz was tried by a military commission in Wasngton, D.C. His trial, convition, and subsequent execution for violations of the laws of war represent a significant moment in the evolution of the laws of war.

    This mock trial lesson plan has been designed based on the historic Wirz Trial transcript. The witness statements are selections from the primary source.

    Type:
    Lesson Plan
    Grade level:
    Twelfth Grade
  • Curriculum cover showing images of prisoners of war

    The Victory From Within (VFW) Curriculum is a companion middle/high school curriculum for the traveling exhibit “Victory From Within: The American Prisoner of War Experience.” The Curriculum is designed to accompany the traveling exhibit, but it can also be utilized with a visit to the National Prisoner of War Museum at Andersonville National Historic Site or as a standalone curriculum.

    Type:
    Curricula
    Grade level:
    Eighth Grade-College Undergraduate Level
    Subjects:
    Civil War, Cold War, Law, Mexican War, Military and Wartime History, Revolutionary War, War of 1812, World War I, World War II
    National/State Standards:
    The VFW Curriculum design is based on the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy in History/Social Studies.
  • Andersonville National Historic Site

    August Anguish at Andersonville (Grades 4-6)

    Thousands of graves, decorated with American flags, are arrayed in long rows

    In August of 1864, over 32,000 American soldiers were held captive at Andersonville. Mismanagement and overcrowding lead to a high rate of suffering and death among the prisoners. Understanding the scale of suffering is a challenge; this activity uses math activities and word problems to explore the darkest moment of the prisons history.

    Type:
    Lesson Plan
    Grade level:
    Fourth Grade-Sixth Grade
    Subjects:
    Algebra, Civil War, Mathematics, Military and Wartime History, Writing
  • Andersonville National Historic Site

    Medical Conditions at Andersonville Prison Webquest

    Drawing of the second Andersonville prison hospital

    Nearly 13,000 prisoners died at Andersonville of disease and malnutrition.
    This activity is designed to help students explore the medical conditions at Andersonville, and how those conditions contributed to a high rate of death. Some of the content of this activity is graphic and may not be appropriate for younger students.

    Type:
    Lesson Plan
    Grade level:
    Eighth Grade-Twelfth Grade
    Subjects:
    Civil War, Health, Medicine, Military and Wartime History
  • Andersonville National Historic Site

    Exploring Humanitarian Law

    Curriculum cover with Red Cross logo

    Exploring Humanitarian Law (EHL) is a teacher curriculum produced by the International Committee of the Red Cross in association with the Education Development Center and in collaboration with the American Red Cross. The EHL curriculum meets the National Social Studies Standards for high school and it is integrated as part of basic education in secondary school curricula across the world.

    Type:
    Curricula
    Grade level:
    Eighth Grade-Twelfth Grade
    Subjects:
    Government, History, International Relations, Law, Leadership, Military and Wartime History, Public Policy
    National/State Standards:
    The EHL curriculum has been aligned with national and state standards for social studies, English language arts, and common core.
  • Andersonville National Historic Site

    Civil War Prison Museum Activity Booklet

    Students work on an activity in the museum hallway.

    A booklet is available for students to work through as they explore the National Prisoner of War Museum, emphasizing the Civil War prisoner experience. If you plan on using this activity, you will need run copies for your
    students before you arrive.

    Type:
    Lesson Plan
    Grade level:
    Fifth Grade-Ninth Grade
    Subjects:
    African American History and Culture, Civil War, Law, Military and Wartime History
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