Archaic Indians (6000 BC to 1 AD)
NPS/JCPappas and A. Garcia
Around 6000 BC, at the beginning of the Archaic period, the climate became drier and Ice Age mammals had become extinct. The straight-horned bison was no longer alive and the American bison didn't return until later in the Archaic period. The local American Indians turned to a variety of smaller game, such as deer and antelope, and gathered more plant foods. Alibates flint was still used for making a wide variety of stone tools. Spears and atlatls were still used; the bow and arrow would not be invented until around 700 AD.
Did You Know?
Alibates Flint Quarries is named after cowboy Allie Bates, who lived along the Canadian River in the 1880s. More...