• Alibates Flint Quarries and the Canadian River Breaks

    Alibates Flint Quarries

    National Monument Texas

Archaic Indians (6000 BC to 1 AD)



NPS/JCPappas and A. Garcia

Around 6000 BC, at the beginning of the Archaic period, the climate became drier and Ice Age mammals had become extinct. The straight-horned bison was no longer alive and the American bison didn't return until later in the Archaic period. The local American Indians turned to a variety of smaller game, such as deer and antelope, and gathered more plant foods. Alibates flint was still used for making a wide variety of stone tools. Spears and atlatls were still used; the bow and arrow would not be invented until around 700 AD.

Next--Early Prehistoric Indians

Did You Know?

Lake Meredith

Lake Meredith is named for A.A. Meredith, who championed the Canadian River Dam project. Over his lifetime, Meredith served with the WPA, was city manager of Borger, and was secretary of the Canadian River Municipal Water Authority. More...