Archaic Indians (6000 BC to 1 AD)
NPS/JCPappas and A. Garcia
Around 6000 BC, at the beginning of the Archaic period, the climate became drier and Ice Age mammals had become extinct. The straight-horned bison was no longer alive and the American bison didn't return until later in the Archaic period. The local American Indians turned to a variety of smaller game, such as deer and antelope, and gathered more plant foods. Alibates flint was still used for making a wide variety of stone tools. Spears and atlatls were still used; the bow and arrow would not be invented until around 700 AD.