• Alibates Flint Quarries and the Canadian River Breaks

    Alibates Flint Quarries

    National Monument Texas

Antelope Creek villages

Petroglyph near the ruins

Petroglyph near the ruins

NPS

The Antelope Creek people lived in a small village next to a spring about a mile from the quarry sites. The walls of their residences were built with one or two rows of dolomite along the base. When two rows of dolomite were used, rubble was placed between the two rows, probably for insulation. Wattle and daub or stone was used for the higher sections of the wall. The roof was probably made of thatched grasses. The entrance to the home was a long, low crawlway, which probably afforded some protection from animals and hostile people, and may also have allowed more airflow through the structure. Two low benches along each side of the interior were probably used for sleeping areas. A fire pit was located in the center of the room, which would have required a hole in the ceiling to let the smoke out. Shards of Alibates flint are found on the ground around the Antelope Creek village near the quarries. Ranger-led tours to the ruins are given to the village on weekends in October.

Go back to Antelope Creek Culture (1150 AD to 1450 AD)

Continue to Apaches (1450 AD to 1700 AD)

Did You Know?

Petroglyph

The Antelope Creek People lived near the Alibates Flint Quarries from approximately 1000 AD to 1500 AD. More...