• Image of four aviators at leisure, playing cribbage

    Aleutian World War II

    National Historic Area Alaska

Nicholai Galaktionoff

As part of the "Beginning of Memory Project," Ray Hudson conducted interviews with Aleuts who were forced to evacuate from their homes during World War II. Many of the evacuees from the Aleutians faced years away from their childhood homes, sometimes in deplorable camps. Many communities - the "Lost Villages" - were never resettled.

Nicholai Galaktionoff was born in Makushin in 1925 and following the death of his father and two other men in the village in 1937 he moved to Unalaska with his mother and grandmother. Following the war, he married Irene Ermeloff of Biorka and was closely associated with resettlement of that village.

Download a full transcript of Nicholai's interview.
 

Did You Know?

A Rommel stake

Anticipating a ground assault by the Japanese, the US military placed anti-personnel stakes in the ground on Amaknak Island during World War II. These stakes are made of iron, are very sharp and measure between 4 inches to 4 feet high.