Archeology

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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1964 Prehistory in the Kuskokwim-Bristol Bay Region, SW Alaska . Laboratory of Anthropology No. 2. Washington State University, Pullman.

1968 The Archeology of the Glacier Bay Region, Southeastern Alaska. Washington State University, Laboratory of Anthropology. Report of Investigations, No. 44, Pullman.

1984 Prehistory of the Asian Eskimo Zone. In: Arctic.Handbook of North American Indians, Vo. 5. edited by David Damas. pp. 106-118. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

1996a Early Maritime Culture Complexes of the Northern Northwest Coast. In: Early Human Occupation in British Columbia, edited by R. L. Carlson and L. D. Bona, pp. 123-132. University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver.

1996b Ground Hog Bay, Site 2. In: American Beginnings: The Prehistory and Paleoecology of Beringia, edited by Fredrick Hadleigh West, pp. 424-429. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

2001 Spein Mountain: A Mesa Complex Site in Southwestern Alaska. Arctic Anthropology 38(2): 81-98

2004 The Northern Archaic Tradition in Southwestern Alaska. Arctic Anthropology 41(2):153-162.

2008a The Late Holocene Occupation of Interior Southwestern Alaska. Alaska Journal of Anthropology 6(1-2): 83- 92.

2008b Security Cove and the Northern Archaic Tradition Revisited. Arctic Anthropology 45(2): 146- 168.

2011 Microblade Assemblages in Southwestern Alaska: An Early Holocene Adaptation. In From the Yenisei to the Yukon: Interpreting Lithic Assemblages in Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene Beringia, edited by T. Goebel and I. Buvit. Texas A&M University Press, College Station.

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Alexander, Herbert
1969 Prehistory of the Central Brooks Range - An Archaeological Analysis. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oregon. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor.

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1999 Peoples of the Northwest Coast: Their Archeology and Prehistory. London: Thames and Hudson.

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2000 Paleoindian Colonization of the America: Implications from an Examination of Physiography, Demography, and Artifact Distribution. American Antiquity 65(1): 43- 56.

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1968a A Stone Age Campsite at the Gateway to America. Scientific American 218(6): 24-33.

1968b Early Notched Point and Related Assemblages in the Western American Arctic. Manuscript on file, Department of Anthropology, Brown University, Providence.

1970a Akmak: An Early Archaeological Assemblage from Onion Portage, Northwest Alaska. Acta Artica, 16. Copenhagen.

1970b Microblade Traditions in Northwestern Alaska. Arctic Anthropology, 7(2): 2-16.

1972 An Archaeological Survey of the Noatak Drainage, Alaska. Arctic Anthropology 9(1): 66-117.

1978 Western Arctic and Sub-Arctic Chronologies. In: Chronologies in New World Archeology, edited by R.E. Taylor and C.W. Meighan, pp. 29-50. Academic Press, New York.

1979 Archeology and the Evidence for the Prehistoric Development of Eskimo Culture: An Assessment. Arctic Anthropology 16(1):16-26.

1980 Continuity and Change in the Prehistoric Record from North Alaska. In Alaska Native Culture and History, edited by Yoshinobu Kotani and William B. Workman. pp. 233-252. Senri Ethnological Studies, No. 4. National Museum of Ethnology. Osaka, Japan.

1984 Prehistory of North Alaska. In Arctic. edited by David Damas, pp. 94-105. Handbook of North American Indians, Vol.5. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

1986 The Settlement and Cultural Development of Eskimos Around Kotzebue Sound. In Beach Ridge Archeology of Cape Krusenstern, edited by J. L. Giddings and D. D. Anderson, pp. 311-325. Publications in Archeology 20. National Park Service, Department of the Interior, Washington, DC.

1988 Onion Portage: the Archeology of a Stratified Site from the Kobuk River, Northwest Alaska. Anthropological Papers of the University of Alaska 22(1-2).

2005 The Denbigh Flint Complex in Northwest Alaska: A Spatial Analysis. Alaska Journal of Anthropology 3(2): 81- 88.

2008 Northern Archaic Tradition Forty Years Later: Comments. Arctic Anthropology 45(2): 169- 178.

2009 The Archeology of Northwest Alaska. In Archeology in America: An Encyclopedia: Vol.4, West Coast and Arctic/Subarctic, edited by F. McManamon, L.S. Cordell, K.G Lightfoot, and G.R. Milner. pp. 276- 280. Greenwood Press, Westport.

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2007 The Horse, The Wheel and Language. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

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1994 Vegetation History of North Central Alaska’s Mapped Summary of Late-Quaternary Pollen Data. Quaternary Science Reviews 13:71-92.

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1976 The Archeology of the Nanook Site: An Explanatory Approach. Ph.D dissertation, Department of Anthropology, Michigan State University.

 Barton, C., G. Clark, D.R. Yesner and G. Pearson (editors)

2004 The Settlement of the American Continents: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Human Biogeography. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

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1981 Parklands in Northwest Alaska. In The Kotzebue Basin. Alaska Geographic 8(3):1- 16.

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2001 Stone Tool Technology and the Mesa Complex: Developing a Framework of Alaskan Paleoindian Prehistory. Arctic Anthropology 38(2):98-118.

Bever, Michael R. and Michael L. Kunz (editors)

2001 Between Two Worlds: Late Pleistocene Cultural and Technological Diversity in Eastern Beringia. Arctic Anthropology 38(2).

Bigelow, N.H. and M.E. Edwards

2001 A 14,000 yr Paleoenvironmental Record From Windmill Lake, Central Alaska: Late-Glacial and Holocene Vegetation in the Alaska Range. Quaternary Science Reviews 20:203-215.

Bigelow, N.H. and W.R. Powers

2001 Climate, Vegetation and Archeology 14,000-9000 cal YRBP in Central Alaska. Arctic Anthropology 38(2):171- 195.

Binford, Lewis R.

1978 Nunamiut Ethno-Archeology. Academic Press, New York.

1980 Willow Smoke and Dog's Tails: Hunter-Gatherer Settlement Systems and Archaeological Site Formation. American Antiquity 45(1):4-20.

Bland, Richard

1995 Overview and Assessment of Archeological Resources, Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve. National Park Service Alaska.

Bonnichsen, R. and K.L. Turnmire (editors)

1999 Ice Age Peoples of North America: Environments, Origins and Adaptations of the First Americans. Center for the Study of the First Americans, Oregon State University, Corvallis.

Borden, C. E.

1969 Early Population Movements from Asia into Western North America. Syesis 2:113.

1975 Origins and Development of Early Northwest Coast Culture to about 3,000 B.C. National Museum of Man, Mercury Series, Archaeological Survey of Canada Paper 45. Ottawa.

 Bowers, Peter. M.

1980 The Carlo Creek Site: Geology and Archeology of an Early Holocene Site in the Central Alaska Range. M.A. thesis, Department of Anthropology, Washington State University.

1982 The Lisburne Site: Analysis and Cultural History of a Multi-Component Lithic Workshop in the Iteriak Valley, Arctic Foothills, Northern Alaska. Anthropological Papers of the University of Alaska 20(1-2):70-112.

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2000 AMS Re-Dating of the Carlo Creek Site, Nenana Valley, Central Alaska. Current Research in the Pleistocene 25:58- 61.

 Bowman, Sheridan

1990 Radiocarbon Dating. University of California Press, Berkeley.

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2007 The Canneries, Cabins and Caches of Bristol Bay, Alaska. National Park Service Alaska Region, Research/Resources Management Report 2007-3, Lake Clark National Park and Preserve.

 Briner, J.P. and D.S. Kaufman

2008 Late Pleistocene Mountain Glaciation in Alaska: Key Chronologies. Journal of Quaternary Science 23(6-7): 659- 670.

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2001 Development of the Radiocarbon Program OxCal. Radiocarbon 43(2A):355- 363.

Brown, William

1988 Gaunt Beauty, Tenuous Life: The History of the Central Brooks Range. Historic Resources Study, National Park Service Alaska, Research/Resources Management Report. (republished in 2007 by University of Alaska Press, Fairbanks).

Bryan, Alan L.

1980 The Stemmed Point Tradition: An Early Technological Tradition in Western North America. In Anthropological Papers in Memory of Earl Swanson, Jr., edited by L. Harten, C. Warren, and D. Tuohy, pp. 77-107. Idaho Museum of Natural History, Pocatello.

Bundy, Barbara

2007 A Norton Tradition Village Site on the Alagnak River, Southwest Alaska. Alaska Journal of Anthropology 5(1):1-22.

Burch, Ernest R.

1998 The Inupiaq Eskimo Nations of Northwest Alaska. University of Alaska Press, Fairbanks.

2005 Alliance and Conflict: The World System of the Inupiaq Eskimos. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln.

2006 Social Life in Northwest Alaska: The Structure of Inupiat Eskimo Nations. University of Alaska Press, Fairbanks.

Calkin, P.E., G.C. Wiles, and D.J. Barclay

2001 Holocene Coastal Glaciation of Alaska. Quaternary Science Review 20:449- 461.

CalPal

2006 Radiocarbon Calibration and Paleoclimatic Research Package.University of Cologne, May edition.

Campbell, John M.

1961 The Tuktu Complex of Anaktuvuk Pass. Anthropological Papers of the University of Alaska 9(2): 61-80.

1962 Anaktuvuk Prehistory: A Study in Environmental Adaptation. Ph. D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, Yale University. New Haven. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor.

Campbell, John M. and Linda S. Cordell

1975 The Arctic and Subarctic. In North America, edited by Shirley Gorenstein, pp. 36-73. St. Martin's Press, New York.

Carley, Caroline

1981 Inventory of Cultural Resources in the Chilkoot and White Pass Units of Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park. Reconnaissance Report 40. Office of Public Archeology, University of Washington, Seattle.

Carlson, Rita

2009 Changing Shorelines and the Earliest Indications of the First Peoples in Southeast Alaska. Paper presented at the 36th Annual Meeting of the Alaska Anthropological Association, Juneau.

Carlson, Roy L.

1996 Introduction to Early Human Occupation in British Columbia. In Early Human Occupation in British Columbia, edited by Roy L. Carlson and Luke Della Bona, pp. 3--10. University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver.

1998 Coastal British Columbia in the Light of North Pacific Maritime Adaptations. Arctic Anthropology 35(1):23-35.

2004 The Northwest Coast Pre-Microblade Horizon and the Nenana Complex. In Abstracts for the 31st Annual Conference of the Alaska Anthropological Association, Whitehorse.

2008 The Northwest Coast During the Pleistocene/Holocene Transition: Highroad or Hindrance? Alaska Journal of Anthropology 6(1-2):43- 56.

Cellarius, B.A., T.L. Haynes, W.E. Simeone

2008 Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve and the People of the Upper Tanana. Alaska Park Science 7(1):17-21.

Chapman, Robert M., R.L. Detterman and M.D. Mangus

1964 Geology of the Killik-Etivluk Rivers Region, Alaska. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 303-F.

Choate, G. and N. Fawthorpe

1985 Dyea Shell Midden. National Register of Historic Places. Registration Form. Alaska Archives, Resources and Records Management, Inc. (Draft), Juneau.

Clark, Donald W.

1978 Hahanudan Lake: An Ipiutak-Related Occupation of Western Interior Alaska. National Museum of Man, Mercury Series, Archaeological Survey of Canada Paper 71. Ottawa.

1981 Prehistory of the Western Subarctic. In:Subarctic. edited by June Helm, pp. 107-129. Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 6. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.

1984a Some Practical Applications of Obsidian Hydration in the Subarctic. Arctic 37(2):91-109.

1984b Northern Fluted Points: Paleo-Eskimo Paleo-Arctic, or Paleo-Indian. Canadian Journal of Anthropology 4(1):65-81.

1984c Prehistory of the Pacific Eskimo Region. In Arctic. edited by David Damas, pp. 136-148. Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 5. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D. C..

1991 Western Subarctic Prehistory. Canadian Prehistory Series, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Ottawa.

1992 “Only a Skin Boat Load or Two”: The Role of Migration in Kodiak Prehistory. Arctic Anthropology 29(1):2-17.

Clark, D. W. and A. M. Clark

1993 Batza Tena, Trail to Obsidian: Archeology at an Alaskan Obsidian Source. Archaeological Survey of Canada, Mercury Series Paper 147. Canadian Museum of Civilization, Hull, Quebec.

 Clark, Gerald

1977 Archeology on the Alaska Peninsula: the Coast of Shelikof Strait, 1963-1965. University of Oregon Anthropological Papers No. 13. Eugene.

Collins, H.B.

1964 The Arctic and Subarctic. In: Prehistoric Man in the New World. edited by J. D. Jennings and E. Norbeck. pp. 85-114. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Cook, John P.

1969 The Early Prehistory of Healy Lake Alaska. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Wisconsin, Madison. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor.

1996 Healy Lake. In American Beginnings: The Prehistory and Palaeoecology of Beringia, edited by Frederick Hadleigh West, pp. 323-327. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Cook, Robert and T.E. Gillespie

1984 Notched Points and Microblades. Paper presented at the 13th Annual Meeting of the Alaska Anthropological Association, Anchorage.

Cook, John P. and Robert McKennan

1970 The Athapaskan Tradition. A View From Healy Lake in the Yukon-Tanana Upland. Paper presented at the 10th annual meeting of the Northeastern Anthropological Association, Ottawa.

Cook, Linda and F. Norris

1998 A Stern and Rocky Coast. Kenai Fjords National Park Historic Resources Study. National Park Service Alaska.

Crass, B.A. and C.E. Holmes

2004 Swan Point: A Case for Bering Land Bridge Migration in the Peopling of North America. Paper presented 69th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archeology, Montreal.

Crockford, Susan J.

2008 Archaeozoological Evidence of Mid-Holocene Climate Change in the Bering Sea and Implications for the Origins of Arctic Thule. Terra Australis 29:113-131.

Crowell, Aron L.

2004 Connecting with the Past-The Kenai Fjords Oral History and Archeology Project. Alaska Park Science 3(1):33- 38.

2008 Archaeological Site Investigations in Glacier Bay National Park, Alaska. Manuscript on File. Arctic Studies Center, Smithsonian Institution. Anchorage.

2009a Archeology of a Borderland: Prince William Sound and Cook Inlet, Southern Alaska Coast. In Archeology in America: An Encyclopedia: Vol.4, West Coast and Arctic/Subarctic, edited by F. McManamon, L.S. Cordell, K.G Lightfoot, and G.R. Milner. pp. 258- 261. Greenwood Press,Westport.

2009b Russian Colonization of Alaska and the Northwest Coast. In Archeology in America: An Encyclopedia: Vol.4, West Coast and Arctic/Subarctic, edited by F. McManamon, L.S. Cordell, K.G Lightfoot, and G.R. Milner. pp. 282-286. Greenwood Press, Westport.

Crowell, Aron L. and Daniel H. Mann

1996 Sea Level Dynamics, Glaciers, and Archeology along the Central Gulf Coast of Alaska. Arctic Anthropology 33(2):16- 37.

1998 Archeology and Coastal Dynamics of Kenai Fjords National Park, Alaska. National Park Service Alaska Region, Research/Resources Management Report AR/RCR-98/34.

Crowell, Aron L., David R. Yesner, Rita Eagle, and Diane K. Hanson

2008 A Historic Alutiiq Village on the Outer Kenai Coast: Subsistence and Trade in the Early Russian Contact Period. Alaska Journal of Anthropology 6(1-2):225- 251

Damas, David (editor)

1984 Arctic. Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 5. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.

Davis, Craig.W., D.C. Linck, K.M. Schoenberg, and H.M. Shields

1981 Slogging, Humping, and Mucking Through the NPR-A: An Archaeological Interlude. Occasional Paper No. 25. Anthropology and Historic Preservation, Cooperative Park Studies Unit, University of Alaska Fairbanks. On File, National Park Service, Anchorage.

Davis, Stanley D.

1989 Cultural Component I. In The Hidden Falls Site, edited by D. Davis, pp. 159-168. Alaska Anthropological Association. Aurora Monograph Series No. 5, Anchorage.

1990 Prehistory of Southeastern Alaska. In Northwest Coast. edited by Wayne Suttles, pp. 197-202. Handbook of North American Indians. Vol. 7. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.

DeLaguna, Frederica

1972 Under Mount Saint Elias: The History and Culture of the Yakutat Tlingit. Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology 7. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.

1975 The Archeology of Cook Inlet, Alaska. University Museum, Philadelphia. 2nd edition. The Alaska Historical Society, Anchorage.

Dikov, N.N.

1993 Asia at the Joint with America. translated by Richard Bland. Nauka, St. Petersburg. Manuscript on file, National Park Service Alaska, Anchorage.

Dillehay, T.D.

1984 A Late Ice-Age Settlement in Southern Chile. Scientific American 251(4):100-109.

1988 How New Is the New World? Antiquity 62:94-97

1989 A Late Pleistocene Settlement in Chile. A Paleoenvironment and Site Context. Smithsonian Series in Archaeological Inquiry. Vol.1. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

2000 The Settlement of the Americas. Basic Books, New York.

Dillehay, T.D. and M. Collins

1988 Early Cultural Evidence from Monte Verde in Chile. Nature 332:150-152.

Dixon, E. James

1985 Cultural Chronology of Central Interior Alaska. Arctic Anthropology 22(1):47-66.

1986 The Northern Paleoindian/Northern Archaic Transition in Alaska. Paper presented at the 13th Annual Meeting of the Alaska Anthropological Association, Fairbanks.

1993 Quest for the Origins of the First Americans. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.

1999 Bones, Boats, and Bison: Archeology and the First Colonization of Western North America. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.

2001 Human Colonization of the Americas: Timing, Technology and Process. In Beringian Paleoenvironments: Festschrift in Honor of David M. Hopkins, guest editors S. E. Elias and J. Brigham-Grette. Quaternary Science Reviews 1-3:277-299.

2007 Archeology and Cultural History of Beringia. In Press. National Park Service Alaska, Anchorage.

2009a Earliest American Sites and Routes South in the American Arctic and Subarctic. In Archeology in America: An Encyclopedia: Vol.4, West Coast and Arctic/Subarctic, edited by F. McManamon, L.S. Cordell, K.G. Lightfoot, and G.R. Milner. pp. 253- 258. Greenwood Press, Westport.

2009b On Your Knees Cave, Prince of Wales Island, Southeastern Alaska, On the Trail of the Earliest Americans. In Archeology in America: An Encyclopedia: Vol.4, West Coast and Arctic/Subarctic, edited by F. McManamon, L.S. Cordell, K.G Lightfoot, and G.R. Milner. pp. 231-234. Greenwood Press, Westport.

2009c “Shuka Kaa” (Man Before Us): Alaska’s Oldest Man. Paper presented at the 36th Annual Meeting of the Alaska Anthropological Association, Juneau.

Dixon, E. James, C.M. Lee, W.F. Manley, R.A. Warden, and W.E. Hansen

2007 The Frozen Past of Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve. Alaska Park Science 6(1):25-29.

Dixon, E. James, W. Manby, and C.M. Lee

2005 The Emerging Archeology of Glaciers and Ice Patches: Examples from Alaska’s Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve.  American Antiquity 70(1):129- 143.

Dixon, R. Greg

1998 Archaeological Surveys along the Alagnak and Nonvianuk Rivers, Alaska, 1996-1997. Manuscript on file, National Park Service Alaska, Anchorage.

Dumond, Don E

1965 On Eskaleutian Linguistics, Archeology, and Prehistory. American Anthropologist 67(5):1231-1257.

1969 Towards a Prehistory of the Na-Dene. American Anthropologist 71:857-863.

1976 Archeology and Prehistory on the Alaska Peninsula. Anthropological Papers of the University of Alaska 18(1):17-29.

1977 The Eskimos and Aleuts. Thames and Hudson, London.

1980 A Chronology of Native Alaskan Subsistence Systems. In Alaska Native Culture and History, edited by Yoshinobu Kotani and William Workman, pp. 23-48. Senri Ethnological Studies No. 4, Museum of Ethnology, Osaka.

1981 Archeology on the Alaska Peninsula: The Naknek Region, 1960-1975. University of Oregon Anthropological Papers, No. 21. Eugene.

1982 Trends and Traditions in Alaskan Prehistory: The Place of Norton Culture. Arctic Anthropology 19(2):39-51.

1983 Alaska and the Northwest Coast. In: Ancient North Americans, edited by Jesse D. Jennings, pp. 69-114. W.H. Freeman, New York.

1984 Prehistory of the Bering Sea Region. In Arctic, edited by David. Damas, pp. 94-105. Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 5. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

1987 Prehistoric Human Occupation in Southwestern Alaska: A Study of Resource Distribution and Site Location. University of Oregon Anthropological Papers, No. 36, Eugene.

1998 Maritime Adaptation on the Northern Alaska Peninsula. Arctic Anthropology 35(1):187-203.

2001 The Archeology of Eastern Beringia: Some Contrasts and Connections. Arctic Anthropology 38(2):196-205.

2001 Toward a (Yet) Newer View of the (Pre)History of the Aleutians. In Archeology in the Aleut Zone of Alaska. University of Oregon Anthropological Papers No. 58, Eugene.

2004 Volcanism and History on the Northern Alaska Peninsula. Arctic Anthropology 41(2):112-125.

2005a The Arctic Small Tool Tradition in Southern Alaska. Alaska Journal of Anthropology 3(2):62-78.

2005b Naknek Chronical: Ten Thousand Years in a Land of Lakes and Rivers and Mountains of Fire. National Park Service Alaska, Katmai National Park and Preserve Research/Resources Management ReportAR/RCR -2005-54.

2008a Story of a House. National Park Service Alaska, Katmai National Park and Preserve, King Salmon.

2008b Tales of the North Pacific. Alaska Journal of Anthropology 6(1-2):151-162.

2009a Archeology of Arctic and Subarctic Canada . In Archeology in America: An Encyclopedia: Vol.4, West Coast and Arctic/Subarctic, edited by F. McManamon, L.S. Cordell, K.G Lightfoot, and G.R. Milner, pp. 249- 252. Greenwood Press, Westport.

2009b Archeology of the Coast of Mainland Alaska. In Archeology in America: An Encyclopedia: Vol.4, West Coast and Arctic/Subarctic, edited by F. McManamon, L.S. Cordell, K.G Lightfoot, and G.R. Milner, pp. 272- 276. Greenwood Press, Westport.

2009c Where the Bering Sea Meets the Pacific Ocean: The Archeology of the Alaska Peninsula. In Archeology in America: An Encyclopedia: Vol.4, West Coast and Arctic/Subarctic, edited by F. McManamon, L.S. Cordell, K.G Lightfoot, and G.R. Milner, pp. 265- 267. Greenwood Press, Westport.

Easton, N.A., G. MacKay, P.B. Young, P. Schnurr, and D.R. Yesner

2008 Nenana In Canada-Emergent Evidence of the Pleistocene Transition of Yukon’s Southwest Beringia as Revealedby the Little John Site (KDVO -6) and Related Regional Survey. Paper presented at the 73rd Annual Meeting of the Society of American Archeology, Vancouver.

Elias, Scott A.

1995 The Ice-Age History of Alaskan National Parks. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.

2002 Setting the Stage: Environmental Conditions in Beringia as People Entered the New World. In The First Americans: The Pleistocene Colonization of the New World. Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences 27:9-26.

Ellanna, Linda J., and Andrew Balluta

1992 Nuvendaltin Quht'ana: the People of Nondalton. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.

Esdale, Julie

2004 Nim-51-3: A Middle Holocene- Age Archaeological Toolkit with Both Microblade and Notched Point Projectile Technologies in Northwest Alaska. Paper presented at the 31st Annual Meeting of the Alaska Anthropological Association, Whitehorse.

2008 A Current Synthesis of the Northern Archaic. Arctic Anthropology 45(2):1- 38.

2009 Lithic Production Sequences and Toolkit Variability: Examples from the Middle Holocene, Northwest Alaska. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, Brown University, Providence.

Esdale, Julie and Robert Gal

2006 Archeological Investigations in Anaktuvuk Pass: Nunamiut Students Uncover Their Past. Alaska Park Science 5(2):10- 17.

Esdale, Julie and Jeffrey T. Rasic

2008 Introduction (Current Perspective On the Northern Archaic). Arctic Anthropolgy 45(2):1-2.

Fagan, Brian

2008 Where We Found a Whale. A History of Lake Clark National Park and Preserve. National Park Service Alaska Region, Research/Resources` Management Report NPR/ARP/CRR/2008-69. Anchorage.

Fair, Susan and Robert Shaw

1985 Native Arts and Crafts. Alaska Geographic 12(3), Anchorage. 

Fedje, D.W. and H. Josenhans

2000 Drowned Forests and Archeology on the Continental Shelf of British Columbia, Canada. Geology 28(2):99-102.

Fitzhugh, Ben

2004 Colonizing the Kodiak Archipelago: Trends in Raw Material Use and Lithic Technologies at the Tanginak Spring Site. Arctic Anthropology 41(1):14-40.

Fitzhugh, William and Aron Crowell

1988 Crossroads of Continents: Cultures of Siberia and Alaska. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

Fladmark, Knut R.

1975 A Paleoecological Model for Northwest Coast Prehistory. Archaeological Survey of Canada Paper 43. National Museum of Man, Mercury Series, Ottawa.

1979 Routes: Alternative Migration Corridors for Early Man in North America. American Antiquity 44:55-69.

Freisen, T. Max and Charles D. Arnold

2008 The Timing of the Thule Migration: New Dates From the Western Canadian Arctic. American Antiquity 73(3): 527-538.

Gal, Robert

1982a Appendix I: An Annotated and Indexed Roster of Archaeological Radiocarbon Dates From Alaska North of 68 North Latitude. Anthropological Papers of the University of Alaska 20(1-2): 150-180.

1982b Excavation of the Tunalik Site, Northwestern National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska. Anthropological Papers of the University of Alaska 20(1-2):61-78.

2000 Some Arctic Spear Points and Their Counterparts: Forty Years Later. Paper presented at the 27th Annual Meeting of the Alaska Anthropological Association, Fairbanks.

2002 Providence and Frugality: Tools for High Latitude Living. Paper presented at the 29th Annual Meeting of the Alaska Anthropological Association, Anchorage.

Gal, Robert, Jeanne Schaaf, and Steven Klingler

2009 Archaeological Investigations at Iyat (Serpentine Hot Springs), Seward Peninsula, Alaska. Paper presented at the 36th Annual Meeting of the Alaska Anthropological Association, Juneau.

Gaul, Karen K.

2007 “Nanutset Ch’u Q’udi Ga” (Before Our Time and Now): An Ethnohistory of Lake Clark National Park and Preserve. Research/Resources Management Report NPS/AR/CRR/2007-8, National Park Service Alaska.

Gerlach, S. Craig and Edwin S. Hall

1987 The View From the Hinterland: A Reconsideration of the American Paleoarctic and Post-Paleoarctic Tradition Concepts Based on Data From the Red Dog Sites. Paper presented at the 14th Annual Meeting of the Alaska Anthropological Association, Fairbanks.

Giddings, James Louis

1952 The Arctic Woodland Culture of the Kobuk River. Museum Monographs, The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

1964 The Archeology of Cape Denbigh. Brown University Press, Providence.

1968 Ancient Men of the Arctic. Secker & Warburg, London.

Giddings, James Louis and Douglas Anderson

1986 Beach Ridge Archeology of Cape Krusenstern: Eskimo and Pre-Eskimo Settlements Around Kotzebue Sound, Alaska. Publications in Archeology 20. National Park Service, Washington, D.C.

Goebel, T. and I. Buvit (editors)

2009 From the Yenisei to the Yukon: Interpreting Lithic Assemblages in Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene Beringia. In Press, Texas A&M University Press, College Station.

Goebel, T. and N.H. Bigelow

1996 Panguingue Creek. In American Beginnings: The Prehistory and Paleoecology of Beringia. edited by F.H. West, pp. 366-370. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Graf, K.E.

2008 Unchartered Territory: Late Pleistocene Hunter-Gatherer Dispersals in the Siberian Mammoth Steppe. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Anthropology, University of Nevada, Reno.

Greenberg, J. H., C. G. Turner II, and S. L. Zegura

1986 The Settlement of the Americas: A Comparison of the Linguistic, Dental, and Genetic Evidence. Current Anthropology 27(5):477-497.

Griffin, Kristen

1990 An Overview and Assessment of Archeological Resources, Denali National Park and Preserve, Alaska. Research/Resources Management Report AR-16. National Park Service, Alaska.

2000 Early Views: Historical Vignettes of Sitka Historical National Park. National Park Service, Alaska Region.

2009 Northpoint, Hidden Falls, Ground Hog Bay, and Other Sites. In Archeology in America: An Encyclopedia: Vol.4, West Coast and Arctic/Subarctic, edited by F. McManamon, L.S. Cordell, K.G Lightfoot, and G.R. Milner, pp. 225- 230. Greenwood Press, Westport.

Griffin, Kristen and E. Richard Chesmore

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1998 Prehistoric Maritime Adaptations in the Western and Central Aleutian Islands, Alaska. Arctic Anthropology 35(1):223-233.

Weninger, B. and O. Joris

2004 Glacial Radiocarbon Calibration: The CalPal Program. In Radiocarbon and Archeology, edited by T. Higham, C.B. Ramsay, and C. Owen. Fourteenth International Symposium, Oxford.

West, F.Hadleigh.

1975 Dating the Denali Complex. Arctic Anthropology 12(1):76-81.

1981 The Archeology of Beringia. Columbia University Press, New York

1996 American Beginnings, the Prehistory and Palaeoecology of Beringia. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Williams, Timothy

2009 An Investigation of the Kavik Point. Poster presented at the 36th Annual Meeting of the Alaska Anthropological Association, Juneau.

Wilson, Aaron K.

2006 Interpreting A Hunting Landscape: Archaeological Inquiry at Agiak Lake, Central Brooks Range, Alaska. Manuscript on file, National Park Service Alaska, Anchorage.

2007 Mid-Holocene Occupation History and Activities at Agiak Lake: Two Northern Archaic Settlements in the Central Brooks Range.  M.A. Thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of Alaska Anchorage.

Wilson, Aaron K. and Jeffrey Rasic

2008 Northern Archaic Settlement and Subsistence Patterns at Agiak Lake, Brooks Range, Alaska. Arctic Anthropology 45(2):28- 145.

Wilson, Aaron K. and Natalia S. Slobodina

2007 Two Northern Archaic Tent Ring Settlements at Agiak Lake, Central Brooks Range, Alaska. Alaska Journal of Anthropology 5(1):43- 59.

Workman, William.

1974 The Cultural Significance of a Volcanic Ash Which Fell in the Upper Yukon Basin About 1400 Years Ago. In  International Conference on the Prehistory and Paleoecology of Western North America,  edited by Scott Raymond and Peter Schledermann. pp. 239-261. University of Calgary Archaeological Association, Calgary.

1978 Prehistory of the Aishihik-Kluane Area, Southwest Yukon Territory. National Museum of Man Mercury Series, Archeology Survey of Canada Paper No. 74. National Museums of Canada, Ottawa.

1979 The Significance of Volcanism in the Prehistory of Subarctic Northwest North America. In Volcanic Activity and Human Ecology, edited by Payson Sheets and Donald Grayson, pp. 339-371. Academic Press, NewYork.

1988 Archeology of the Southern Kenai Peninsula. Arctic Anthropology 35(1):146-159.

2002 The Dispersal of the Arctic Small Tool Tradition into Southern Alaska: Dates and Data from the Kenai Peninsula, Southcentral Alaska. Anthropological Papers of the University of Alaska 2(1)39- 49.

Workman, W. B. and A. P. McCartney

1998 Coast to Coast: Prehistoric Maritime Cultures in the North Pacific. Arctic Anthropology 35(1):361-370.

Yarborough, Michael and Linda Finn Yarborough

1998 Prehistoric Maritime Adaptations of Prince William Sound and the Pacific Coast of the Kenai Peninsula. Arctic Anthropology 35(1):132-145.

Yesner, D. R.

1992 Evolution of Subsistence in the Kachemak Tradition: Evaluating the North Pacific Maritime Stability Model. Arctic Anthropology 29(2):167-181.

1996 Human Adaptation at the Pleistocene-Holocene Boundary (circa 13,000 to 8,000 B.P.) in Eastern Beringia. In Humans at the End of the Ice Age: The Archeology of the Pleistocene-Holocene Transition, edited by Lawrence G. Straus, Berit V. Eriksen, Jon M. Erlandson, and David R. Yesner, pp. 255-257. Plenum Press, New York.

1998 Origins and Development of Maritime Adaptations in the Northwest Pacific Region of North America: A Zooarchaeological Perspective. Arctic Anthropology 35(1):204-222.

2001 Human Dispersal into Interior Alaska: Antecedent Conditions, Mode of Colonization and Adaptations. Quaternary Science Reviews 20: 315-327.

 Yesner, D. R., C. E. Holmes, and K. J. Crossen

1992 Archeology and Paleoecology of the Broken Mammoth Site, Central Tanana Valley, Interior Alaska, USA. In Current Research in the Pleistocene, edited by J.I. Mead and D.J. Meltzer, pp. 53-57.

Young, Steven. B.

1988 Beringia: An Ice Age View. In Crossroads of Continents: Cultures of Siberia and Alaska. edited by W. Fitzhugh and A. Crowell. pp 106 - 110. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D. C.


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Last Updated: January 16, 2014