Dedicated 1915. The strategic genius of Nathanael Greene dominated the southern campaign of the American Revolution in much the same fashion that the giant equestrian statue of Greene today dominates the battlefield at Guilford Courthouse National Military Park. Nathanael Greene was born in Rhode Island in 1742. Born a Quaker, Greene's interest in military affairs led to his expulsion from the Society of Friends in 1773 and freed him to undertake his career as a soldier. After the Revolution began, Greene was quickly promoted through the ranks eventually gaining the rank of major general. Along the way he established an especially close relationship with his commander, George Washington, who considered Greene his most trusted subordinate. In the aftermath of the twin disasters of Charleston and Camden, South Carolina in the spring and summer of 1780, Gen. Geroge Washington directed Greene to assume command of the southern theater. After relieving his disgraced predecessor Horatio Gates at Charlotte, North Caolina in December 1780, Greene conducted the campaign that broke the back of the British war effort in America. The first serious effort to erect a monument to Gen. Greene was undertaken in 1857 with the organization of the Greene Monument Association. This effort finally succeeded in 1911 when Congress appropriated $30,000 for this purpose.
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