• The Agate Fossil Hills where mammal fossils were excavated in the early 1900's

    Agate Fossil Beds

    National Monument Nebraska

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History & Culture

Cook Gallery entrance

Entrance to the Cook Collection

During this time of scientific exploration other gatherings took place at the Agate Springs Ranch. Red Cloud of the Oglala Lakota Sioux and many of his friends and family members would make the 150 mile trip by wagon from the Pine Ridge Reservation. While staying at the ranch they hunted, worked for James Cook, and butchered beef they were given, tanned hides, told stories and danced. Many residents of the surrounding area remember going to the ranch to watch and participate in the dancing and singing. From the gifts given through a friendship forged between the cultures this extraordinary collection of American Indian artifacts became known as the James H. Cook Collection. Special items such as Red Cloud's shirt and three generations of pipebags as well as items of daily use are included in the collection.

Did You Know?

Lakota families traveling from the Pine Ridge Reservation to visit at Agate Springs Ranch.

Lakota families traveled 150 miles by team and wagon to visit the Agate Springs Ranch. This trip took almost a week and they needed to carry a pass to leave the reservation where they lived. Many long time residents remember seeing the visiting American Indian dancers at the Agate Springs Ranch. More...