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History & Culture
A National Park Service photograph.
In the decades when the earliest paleontologists visited and worked at the Agate Springs quarries, other friends of James H. Cook and his family gathered at the Agate Springs Ranch three miles to the west. Following their 150-mile wagon trips from the Pine Ridge Reservation, Chief Red Cloud of the Oglala Lakota and his many family and friends camped in tepees bordering the Niobrara River to the east of the ranch house. While there, they told stories and danced, hunted, butchered beef they'd been given, tanned hides, and worked for the Cooks.
Did You Know?
Red Cloud, a chief of the Oglala Lakota Sioux, was one of the most photographed American Indians. More than 128 photos were taken of him during his lifetime. An oil painting of Red Cloud painted at the Agate Springs Ranch hangs in the “Den” exhibit in the James H. Cook Gallery. More...