• Views from Penobscot Mountain summit.

    Acadia

    National Park Maine

Cultural Resources

Baker Island

Cultural resources can be defined as physical evidence or place of past human activity: site, object, landscape, structure; or a site, structure, landscape, object or natural feature of significance to a group of people traditionally associated with it.

Types of cultural resources often found in national parks:

  • Archeological resources: The remains of past human activity and records documenting the scientific analysis of these remains.
  • Historic structures: Material assemblies that extend the limits of human capability.
  • Cultural landscapes: Settings we have created in the natural world.
  • Ethnographic resources: Sites, structures, landscapes, objects or natural features of significance to a traditionally associated group of people.
  • Museum objects: Manifestations of human behavior and ideas.

Examples of cultural resources found at Acadia National Park:

  • Native American: Shell middens, camps, portage paths, ceremonial and/or sacred sites, plant gathering areas
  • 17th -19th century settlement: Farms, mills, quarries, estates, cemeteries, lighthouses, shipwrecks
  • Park development era: Park Loop Road, carriage roads, hiking trails, campgrounds, Schoodic Peninsula.

Cultural resource management involves:

  • Research: Identifying, evaluating, documenting, registering, and establishing other basic information on resources.
  • Planning: Ensuring that information on resources is well integrated into management decisions and setting priorities.
  • Stewardship: Ensure that planning decisions are carried out and resources are preserved, protected, and interpreted to the public.

Recent park cultural resource projects:

  • Archeological Overview and Assessment
  • Native American Traditional Use Study
  • Reinterment and forensic study at Saint Croix Island cemetery
  • Hiking Trails Cultural Landscape Report
  • Schoodic Peninsula Historic District National Register Nomination
 
 

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